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Women, Business and the Law

Women, Business and the Law (WBL) measures gender inequality in the law. The dataset identifies barriers to women's economic participation and encourages the reform of discriminatory laws. Read more


Explore Indicators


Mobility

Examining constraints on women’s freedom of movement.

Workplace

Analyzing laws affecting women’s decisions to enter and remain in the labor force.

Pay

Measuring laws and regulations concerning job restrictions and the gender wage gap.

Marriage

Assessing legal constraints related to marriage.

Parenthood

Evaluating laws affecting women’s work after having children.

Entrepreneurship

Examining constraints women face when starting and running a business.

Assets

Analyzing gender differences in property and inheritance law.

Pension

Assessing laws affecting the size of a woman’s pension.


Gendered Laws and Women in the Workforce

This paper uses the World Bank’s newly constructed Women, Business and the Law 50-year database to provide the first global look at how gender discrimination by the law affects women’s economic opportunity and chart the ...

50 Years of Women's Rights

How have women’s legal rights evolved over the last 50 years? This infographic explores how more than 1,500 reforms enhancing women’s economic empowerment were passed in every country over the past 50 years.

Protecting Women from Violence

This topic note examines the legally-mandated access and existence of certain key support services in a set of 100 economies on regulation aimed at closing gaps between laws and their implementation.

Doing Business

Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 190 economies—from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe—and over time.

Gendered Laws

This policy research working paper uses the 50 years of Women, Business and the Law data to chart the evolution of legal gender equality over time and to examine its relationship to women’s labor market outcomes.

Tackling Childcare

This note showcases how different countries regulate private childcare services. It builds awareness of how quality childcare services are linked to women’s economic empowerment and identifies areas for reform.

Discriminatory Laws Against Women: A Survey of Literature

This working paper reviews the empirical literature on the impact of gender discriminatory laws on women’s outcomes across various domains constituting Women, Business and the Law’s measure of gender inequality.

Saving for Old Age

Differences women face in their working lives relative to men can result in unequal economic outcomes in retirement. This case study examines the gender gap in access to pensions.

Women's Financial Inclusion and the Law

A case study examining how discriminatory laws can affect women’s demand for financial services.

Ending Violence against Women and Girls

Part of a series that assesses the role of laws and specific programs or interventions in ending violence against women.


Experts

Rita Ramalho

Senior Manager, Global Indicators Group

Tea Trumbic

Program Manager, Women, Business and the Law, Global Indicators Group

Meet the Team Arrow