Women, Business and the Law Data

Women, Business and the Law data is available for the period from 1971 to 2022 (calendar years 1970 to 2021). By developing a time series and further researching the interaction between inequality of opportunity for women and labor market dynamics, Women, Business and the Law strengthens insights into how women’s employment and entrepreneurship are affected by legal gender discrimination, and in turn how this affects economic outcomes.

Explore our data and economy snapshots below.

Explore Our Data

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Economy Snapshots

Download economy snapshots containing data by indicator, areas of improvement, and scores.

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Women, Business and the Law Data for 1971-2022

Explore trends over time with annual data for 190 economies during the period from 1971 to 2022 (calendar years 1970 to 2021).

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Toward Available, Affordable, and Quality Childcare Services

Explore a data set of non-scored questions as part of the pilot research on the availability, affordability, and quality of childcare services in 95 economies. The pilot research presents a new conceptual framework for measuring the legal environment for childcare provision.

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Measuring the Legal Environment in Practice

Explore a data set of non-scored questions as part of the pilot research on the implementation of laws in 25 economies. This pilot project presents a new conceptual framework for measuring the implementation gap by examining supportive frameworks for primary legislation and expert opinions of laws in practice.

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The Rights of Women with Disabilities

Explore a data set on the Rights of Women with Disabilities in 190 economies. The 11 non-scored questions explore how laws include or exclude women with disabilities from accessing economic opportunities. The research was designed in collaboration with disability rights experts and data was collected with the help of Women, Business and the Law’s network of local legal experts.

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Women, Business and the Law - COVID-19 Data

Women, Business and the Law added research questions related to policy measures introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic to its data collection questionnaires. Explore a data set covering three main areas: childcare measures, access to court systems, and safeguarding women's health and safety.

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Women, Business and the Law - Additional Data

Explore a data set of 14 non-scored questions (years 2017, 2019, and 2020), including data on child marriage, customary law, citizenship, sexual harassment, and access to ID cards.

Our Data Out There

WBG Gender Data Portal

The Gender Data Portal is the World Bank Group’s comprehensive source for the latest sex-disaggregated data and gender statistics covering demography, education, health, access to economic opportunities, public life and decision-making, and agency.

Breaking barriers: the path to equality

Women have been disproportionately impacted by COVID-19. And gender equality is critical to recovery from the pandemic. Yet women in many countries still face barriers throughout their working lives. But what barriers? Where? And how big is the economic cost?

Women’s Rights Are Improving Worldwide

The CATO Institute looked at 19 of Women, Business and the Law questions that they felt best measured gender equality. The data show that gender inequality worldwide has fallen significantly since 1970.

The Rocky Road To Gender Equality: Are Women Better Off Now Than In 1970?

Fifty years ago, women had, on average, less than half the legal rights of men. In many countries, they weren't allowed to work in industrial jobs and there was no law protecting them against gender-based discrimination at work. Paid leave for mothers was offered in just a few countries and legislation addressing domestic violence was practically nonexistent. Over the past few decades, many countries have made reforms toward greater gender equality, but despite this progress, women still face regulations that restrict their economic opportunities.

SME Finance Forum

The SME Finance identified and categorized Women Business and the Law 2021 questions and indicators of relevance for SME finance as a first step to systematically aggregate gender data to understand the factors, monitor trends and progress.

Generation Equality: Women Deliver

Girls’ and women’s rights are human rights, and advancing gender equality is fundamental to ensuring the health, freedom, dignity, and liberty of all people.