Reforms

Women, Business and the Law tracks legal and regulatory changes for each of its eight indicators. A reform is considered any change in laws or regulations that results in an improvement of score from 0 to 1 in any of an indicator’s sub-questions.

Reforms published in the Women, Business and the Law 2021 report took place over the two-year period from September 2, 2019 to October 1, 2020. Twenty seven economies from all regions and income groups made the economic empowerment of women a priority by implementing reforms facilitating women's entrepreneurship and entry into the workforce. Over the same period, one economy implemented a change widening the legal gender gap.

Economies have implemented over 1500 reforms across all Women, Business and the Law indicators since 1971. Explore the reforms in the table below, or download the reform database here.

EconomyRegionIndicatorWBL Report YearType of ReformReform Description
AfghanistanSouth AsiaParenthood1989Afghanistan prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
AfghanistanSouth AsiaPension1989xAfghanistan set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
AfghanistanSouth AsiaParenthood2000xAfghanistan no longer prohibits the dismissal of pregnant workers.
AfghanistanSouth AsiaPension2000Afghanistan equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
AfghanistanSouth AsiaParenthood2008Afghanistan introduced paid paternity leave.
AfghanistanSouth AsiaMobility2017Afghanistan enacted a new Passport Law which no longer requires a married woman to bring a guardian or written consent of her husband when applying for a passport.
AfghanistanSouth AsiaWorkplace2017Afghanistan enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment and also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1994Albania increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaPension1994Albania explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1997Albania prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaPension1997Albania no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1997Albania prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment and also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2008Albania enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2011Albania introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2017Albania introduced paid paternity leave.
AlbaniaEurope & Central AsiaPay2017Albania mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood1976Algeria began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaPension1984Algeria introduced an old-age pension system that does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. The new system set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood1985Algeria increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood1991Algeria introduced paid paternity leave.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaPay1991Algeria mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaPension1998xAlgeria set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2006Algeria allowed women to be head of household. It no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaMobility2006Algeria reformed its Family Code allowing a woman to leave the marital home without her husband's permission.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2006Algeria enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment and also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
AlgeriaMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2017Algeria enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1983Angola prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1989Angola granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1989Angola introduced a new Family Code allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1989Angola allowed women to be head of household. It also gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1989Angola introduced new Family Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1989Angola allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2001Angola mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2001Angola prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2012Angola began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2013Angola made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2013Angola enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
AngolaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2017Angola introduced paid paternity leave.
Antigua and BarbudaLatin America & CaribbeanPension1974Antigua and Barbuda introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Antigua and BarbudaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1977Antigua and Barbuda prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Antigua and BarbudaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2000Antigua and Barbuda enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1976Argentina prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanPension1976xArgentina set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanPay1977Argentina mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1977Argentina prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship1989Argentina enacted a Civil Code allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1989Argentina legalized divorce, equally granting the right to both spouses. There is no waiting period before remarriage for either spouse.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1989Argentina reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1989Argentina allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanPay1993Argentina lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1996Argentina enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets2005Argentina amended its civil code, granting spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2010Argentina enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
ArgentinaLatin America & CaribbeanPension2019Argentina equalized the mandatory retirement age (70 years) for women and men.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xArmenia set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Armenia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1974xArmenia no longer prohibits the dismissal of pregnant workers.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1974Armenia increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1974Armenia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaPension1997Armenia no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaPension2004Armenia explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2006Armenia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaPay2006Armenia eliminated all restrictions on women's employment and lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2006Armenia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaPension2012Armenia equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It also equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2012xArmenia abrogated legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
ArmeniaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2019Armenia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDAssets1977Australia recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDParenthood1982Australia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDMobility1983Australia reformed its Domicile Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDMobility1984Australia introduced new legal amendments which no longer requires a married woman her husband's permission when applying for a passport.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1985Australia enacted the Sex Discrimination Act that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDWorkplace1985Australia prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDPay1998Australia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDWorkplace1998Australia enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDMarriage2010Australia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDParenthood2012Australia increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks and its federal government began administering parental leave benefits. It also introduced paid parental leave.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDParenthood2014Australia introduced paid paternity leave.
AustraliaHigh income: OECDPension2015Australia equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
AustriaHigh income: OECDParenthood1975Austria increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
AustriaHigh income: OECDMarriage1977Austria allowed women to be head of household. Austria no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
AustriaHigh income: OECDMobility1977Austria reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
AustriaHigh income: OECDAssets1980Austria granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage. Austria also recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
AustriaHigh income: OECDMarriage1980Austria gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
AustriaHigh income: OECDParenthood1980Austria prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
AustriaHigh income: OECDPay1980Austria mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
AustriaHigh income: OECDWorkplace1980Austria prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
AustriaHigh income: OECDParenthood1992Austria introduced paid parental leave.
AustriaHigh income: OECDPension1994xAustria set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
AustriaHigh income: OECDWorkplace1994Austria enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
AustriaHigh income: OECDMarriage1998Austria enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
AustriaHigh income: OECDPay2004Austria lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
AustriaHigh income: OECDPension2006Austria explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
AustriaHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2010Austria's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
AustriaHigh income: OECDPay2010Austria eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
AustriaHigh income: OECDPension2015Austria no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
AustriaHigh income: OECDParenthood2021Austria introduced 30 days of paid paternity leave.
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xAzerbaijan set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Azerbaijan increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaPension1973Azerbaijan no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1973Azerbaijan prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaPension1994Azerbaijan explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2001Azerbaijan introduced paid parental leave.
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2008Azerbaijan introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2008Azerbaijan enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
AzerbaijanEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2012Azerbaijan enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanPension1973The Bahamas introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1984The Bahamas amended the Matrimonial Causes Act to recognize the value of nonmonetary contributions.
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanPension1986The Bahamas explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1989The Bahamas prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1993Bahamas, The enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1993The Bahamas enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanAssets2003The Bahamas equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
Bahamas, TheLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2003The Bahamas prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood1978Bahrain prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaPension1978Bahrain introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood1995Bahrain introduced paid paternity leave.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaMobility2007Bahrain amended its Passport Law which no longer requires a married woman her husband's consent when applying for a passport.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2014Bahrain prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2017Bahrain enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2019Bahrain began allowing women to be head of household.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2020Bahrain enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaEntrepreneurship2021Bahrain made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaPay2021Bahrain eliminated restrictions on women's employment in arduous jobs.
BahrainMiddle East & North AfricaPension2021Bahrain explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension
benefits.
BangladeshSouth AsiaMobility1974Bangladesh introduced new legislation which no longer requires a married woman her husband's information when applying for a passport.
BangladeshSouth AsiaParenthood2008Bangladesh increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
BangladeshSouth AsiaPay2008Bangladesh lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
BangladeshSouth AsiaWorkplace2010Bangladesh enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
BangladeshSouth AsiaMarriage2012Bangladesh enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BarbadosLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1978Barbados prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
BarbadosLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1981Barbados introduced the Domicile Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
BarbadosLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1983Barbados' new Family Law Act explicitly recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
BarbadosLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1993Barbados enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BarbadosLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2019Barbados enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xBelarus set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Belarus prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1974Belarus prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaPension1993Belarus explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1995Belarus introduced paid parental leave.
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaPay1996Belarus mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaPension1996Belarus no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaPay2001Belarus lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
BelarusEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2015Belarus enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDMarriage1973Belgium abolished a waiting period for remarriage, giving women the same rights to remarry as men.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDAssets1978Belgium granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1978Belgium amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDMobility1978Belgium introduced legislation allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDWorkplace1978Belgium allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDParenthood1996Belgium prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDPay1998Belgium lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDPension1998Belgium equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDParenthood1999Belgium introduced paid parental leave.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDWorkplace2000Belgium prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDMarriage2004Belgium enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDWorkplace2004Belgium enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2008Belgium introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDPay2010Belgium mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value
BelgiumHigh income: OECDPension2010Belgium equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
BelgiumHigh income: OECDPay2012Belgium eliminated restrictions on women's employment in mining. It also allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
BelizeLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1981Belize began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
BelizeLatin America & CaribbeanPension1982Belize introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
BelizeLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1994Belize enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BelizeLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1998Belize enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
BelizeLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2002Belize increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
BelizeLatin America & CaribbeanAssets2003Belize reformed its Supreme Court of Judicature Act to recognize the value of nonmonetary contributions, including "any contribution made in the capacity of housewife, homemaker or parent."
BelizeLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2013Belize prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaPension1974Benin introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1975Benin prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaPay1999Benin mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1999Benin prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2004Benin enacted new legislation that obliges employers to pay a portion of maternity benefits along with the social security system.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2006Benin's new Family and Personal Code granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage. It also equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2006Benin introduced a Family Code allowing a woman to open a bank account in the same way as a man withouh her husband's consent.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2006Benin allowed women to be head of household.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2006Benin allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2008Benin enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2013Benin enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BeninSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2021Benin allowed women to apply for a passport in the same way as men.
BhutanSouth AsiaEntrepreneurship2002xBhutan introduced a new companies law that prescribes additional procedures for women when registering a business compared to men.
BhutanSouth AsiaParenthood2008Bhutan prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
BhutanSouth AsiaPay2008Bhutan mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
BhutanSouth AsiaWorkplace2008Bhutan prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
BhutanSouth AsiaParenthood2011Bhutan introduced paid paternity leave.
BhutanSouth AsiaMarriage2014Bhutan enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1974Bolivia granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship1974Bolivia enacted a new Family Code allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1974Bolivia no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1974Bolivia enacted a new Family Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way a man.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1974xBolivia introduced a legal provision that allows a husband to object to his wife's work.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1989Bolivia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1997Bolivia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanPension2009Bolivia explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanPay2010Bolivia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2012Bolivia introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2014Bolivia introduced paid paternity leave.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2014Bolivia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2016Bolivia abolished a waiting period for remarriage, giving women the same rights to remarry as men.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanPay2016Bolivia lifted restrictions on women’s ability to work at night and in jobs deemed dangerous.
BoliviaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2016Bolivia allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaPension2000Bosnia and Herzegovina equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men. It no longer explicitly accounts for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2001Bosnia and Herzegovina introduced paid paternity leave.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2001Bosnia and Herzegovina prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaPay2004Bosnia and Herzegovina mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2004Bosnia and Herzegovina enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2006Bosnia and Herzegovina enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2011Bosnia and Herzegovina's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaPension2017Bosnia and Herzegovina no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaPay2018Bosnia and Herzegovina allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEurope & Central AsiaPension2019xBosnia and Herzegovina adopted a new law that allows women and men to retire with partial benefits at ages 56 and 61 respectively. The ages are set to equalize in 2026.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1972Botswana equalized inheritance rights for male and female surviving spouses.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaPay1994Botswana lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaPension1997Botswana introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaPay1998Botswana eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2006Botswana abolished marital power, granting spouses equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2006Botswana abolished its marital power provision allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2006Botswana allowed women to be head of household.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2006Botswana introduced new legislation abolishing the marital power provision to allow a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2006Botswana allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
BotswanaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2009Botswana enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1975Brazil began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanPension1975xBrazil set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1979Brazil legalized divorce. The process is the same for women and men.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1990Brazil increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanPay1990Brazil lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanPay1991Brazil allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men. It also eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1991Brazil allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanPension2000Brazil explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2000Brazil prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2002Brazil enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanAssets2003Brazil granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2003Brazil introduced a new Civil Code allowing a woman to register a business in the same way as a man without her husband's consent.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2003Brazil allowed women to be head of household. Brazil gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanMobility2003Brazil introduced a new Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2008Brazil enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BrazilLatin America & CaribbeanPension2021Brazil eliminated the possibility to retire with partial pension benefits. Previously, the ages at which men and women could retire with partial pension benefits were unequal.
Brunei DarussalamEast Asia & PacificPension1985Brunei Darussalam explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Brunei DarussalamEast Asia & PacificAssets2001Brunei Darussalam recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
Brunei DarussalamEast Asia & PacificMarriage2001Brunei Darussalam enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Brunei DarussalamEast Asia & PacificPay2011Brunei Darussalam eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining and at night in industrial undertakings. It also lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1988Bulgaria prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2002Bulgaria introduced paid parental leave.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaPay2002Bulgaria mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2005Bulgaria prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2005Bulgaria enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2006Bulgaria enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaPay2006Bulgaria lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2010Bulgaria introduced paid paternity leave.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaPension2012xBulgaria set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2014Bulgaria introduced the Protection Discrimination Act that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaPay2017Bulgaria eliminated restrictions on women's employment in certain industries by limiting them to pregnant and nursing women.
BulgariaEurope & Central AsiaPension2017xBulgaria set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1991Burkina Faso granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1991Burkina Faso enacted a Family Code allowing a woman to open a bank account in the same way as a man without her husband's consent.
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1991Burkina Faso allowed women to be head of household.
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1991Burkina Faso allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1994Burkina Faso prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaPay1994Burkina Faso lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1994Burkina Faso prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2006Burkina Faso enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
Burkina FasoSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2020Burkina Faso enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1973Burundi introduced paid paternity leave.
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1994Burundi no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband. Burundi allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1994Burundi introduced a new Family Law allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1994Burundi allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1995Burundi prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1995Burundi prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2010Burundi enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
BurundiSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2010Burundi enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1978Cabo Verde granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1982Cabo Verde gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1983Cabo Verde ameded its Civil Code allowing a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1983Cabo Verde allowed women to be head of household.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1983Cabo Verde amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1983Cabo Verde allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaPension1984Cabo Verde introduced an old-age pension system that does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2005Cabo Verde's Penal Code made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2005Cabo Verde enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaPension2005Cabo Verde explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2005Cabo Verde enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2009Cabo Verde prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
Cabo VerdeSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2009Cabo Verde prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificAssets1991Cambodia granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificParenthood1995Cambodia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1998Cambodia prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificMarriage2007Cambodia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificPay2009Cambodia lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship2011Cambodia's Penal Code made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
CambodiaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2011Cambodia adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
CameroonSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1992Cameroon increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
CameroonSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1994Cameroon prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
CameroonSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2018Cameroon prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment and adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
CanadaHigh income: OECDWorkplace1971Canada prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
CanadaHigh income: OECDParenthood1973Canada increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
CanadaHigh income: OECDAssets1976Canada enacted the Family Law Reform Act, recognizing the value of nonmonetary contributions.
CanadaHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1978Canada introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
CanadaHigh income: OECDPension1979Canada explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
CanadaHigh income: OECDMobility1980Canada enacted the Family Reform Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
CanadaHigh income: OECDParenthood1986Canada prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
CanadaHigh income: OECDWorkplace1986Canada enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
CanadaHigh income: OECDPay1988Canada mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
CanadaHigh income: OECDMarriage1991Canada enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
CanadaHigh income: OECDWorkplace1991Canada adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
CanadaHigh income: OECDParenthood1992Canada introduced paid parental leave.
CanadaHigh income: OECDParenthood2020Canada introduced a new parental leave sharing benefit that reserves 35 days of paid parental leave for the father.
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1977The Central African Republic introduced paid paternity leave.
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1999Central African Republic granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1999Central African Republic introduced a new Family Code allowing a woman to open a bank account in the same way as a man whithout the representation of her husband.
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1999The Central African Republic allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2008Central African Republic enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaPension2008The Central African Republic equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2008The Central African Republic enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
Central African RepublicSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2010The Central African Republic prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ChadSub-Saharan AfricaPension1979Chad introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
ChadSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1998Chad prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
ChadSub-Saharan AfricaPay1998Chad mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
ChadSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1998Chad prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ChadSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2018Chad enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ChadSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2018Chad enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
ChileHigh income: OECDParenthood1974Chile increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
ChileHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1991Chile amended its Civil Code abolishing the marital power provision to allow a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
ChileHigh income: OECDMarriage1991Chile no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
ChileHigh income: OECDMobility1991Chile amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
ChileHigh income: OECDWorkplace1991Chile allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
ChileHigh income: OECDPay1995Chile allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men. It also eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining.
ChileHigh income: OECDWorkplace2004Chile prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ChileHigh income: OECDWorkplace2006Chile enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
ChileHigh income: OECDMarriage2007Chile enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ChileHigh income: OECDParenthood2007Chile introduced paid paternity leave.
ChileHigh income: OECDPension2009Chile explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
ChileHigh income: OECDParenthood2013Chile introduced paid parental leave.
ChileHigh income: OECDMarriage2021Chile gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
ChinaEast Asia & PacificParenthood1990China prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
ChinaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1996China prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ChinaEast Asia & PacificParenthood2003China introduced a social security system that administers maternity benefits.
ChinaEast Asia & PacificParenthood2005China increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
ChinaEast Asia & PacificMarriage2007China enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ChinaEast Asia & PacificPension2009xChina set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
ChinaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2013China enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1976Colombia no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1976Colombia reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1977Colombia allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1998Colombia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2003The Supreme Court of Colombia ruled a waiting period for women before remarriage unconstitutional.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2004Colombia introduced paid paternity leave.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2007Colombia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2013Colombia increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2013Colombia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ColombiaLatin America & CaribbeanPay2018Colombia allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
ComorosSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1983Comoros increased the duration of paid maternity leave to 14 weeks.
ComorosSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1985Comoros prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
ComorosSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1985Comoros prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ComorosSub-Saharan AfricaPay2014Comoros mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
ComorosSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2014Comoros enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
ComorosSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2016Comoros enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ComorosSub-Saharan AfricaPension2016Comoros introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaAssets1989The Democratic Republic of Congo equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1989xCongo, Dem. Rep. introduced a new family law that obliges a married woman to obey her husband.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2000The Democratic Republic of Congo increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2004The Democratic Republic of Congo prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaPay2004The Democratic Republic of Congo lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2004The Democratic Republic of Congo enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2017Congo, Dem. Rep. introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2017The Democratic Republic of Congo prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2018Congo, Dem. Rep. amended its Family Code allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2018Congo, Dem. Rep. no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaMobility2018Congo, Dem. Rep. reformed its Family Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaPay2018The Democratic Republic of Congo eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2018The Democratic Republic of Congo allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2020The Democratic Republic of Congo introduced social insurance maternity benefits. Maternity leave is now paid by the government instead of the employer.
Congo, Dem. Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaPension2020The Democratic Republic of Congo equalized the retirement age (60 years) for women and men and established pension credits for periods of child care.
Congo, Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1986Congo, Rep. introduced a Family Code allowing a woman to open a bank account in the same way as a man without her husband's consent.
Congo, Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1986The Republic of Congo allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Congo, Rep.Sub-Saharan AfricaPension1987Congo, Rep. explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1975Costa Rica introduced divorce by mutual consent. The process is equal for women and men.
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1987Costa Rica increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanPension1996Costa Rica explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1996Costa Rica enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1997Costa Rica enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2009The Supreme Court of Costa Rica annulled a waiting period for women before remarriage.
Costa RicaLatin America & CaribbeanPay2021Costa Rica lifted the ban on women's night work.
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1985Côte d'Ivoire amended its Marriage Law allowing a woman to open a bank account in the same way as a man without her husband's consent.
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1996Côte d'Ivoire prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaPay1996Côte d'Ivoire mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1996Côte d'Ivoire prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2000Côte d'Ivoire enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2014Côte d'Ivoire allowed women to be head of household.
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2014Côte d'Ivoire reformed its Family Law allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2014Côte d'Ivoire allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Côte d'IvoireSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2020Côte d’Ivoire granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaPension1991Croatia equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaPay1996Croatia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1996Croatia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2005Croatia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2005Croatia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2009Croatia's Anti-Discrimination Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2010Croatia introduced paid paternity leave. It also introduced paid parental leave.
CroatiaEurope & Central AsiaPay2011Croatia eliminated restrictions on women's employment in certain industries, including the mining and water industries. It also lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaPension1974Cyprus explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1988Cyprus prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1989Cyprus increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaPay1991Cyprus mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaAssets1992Cyprus recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaMarriage1996Cyprus enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2004Cyprus prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2009Cyprus introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
CyprusEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2019Cyprus introduced 10 days of paid paternity leave.
Czech RepublicHigh income: OECDPay1981The Czech Republic allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
Czech RepublicHigh income: OECDParenthood1992The Czech Republic introduced paid parental leave.
Czech RepublicHigh income: OECDPay1996The Czech Republic lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
Czech RepublicHigh income: OECDMarriage2007Czech Republic enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Czech RepublicHigh income: OECDWorkplace2007The Czech Republic prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
Czech RepublicHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2009Czech Republic's Anti-Discrimination Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Czech RepublicHigh income: OECDWorkplace2009The Czech Republic enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Czech RepublicHigh income: OECDPay2013The Czech Republic eliminated restrictions on women's employment in manufacturing.
Czech RepublicHigh income: OECDParenthood2019The Czech Republic introduced five days of paid paternity leave.
DenmarkHigh income: OECDParenthood1986Denmark introduced paid paternity leave. It also introduced paid parental leave.
DenmarkHigh income: OECDParenthood1990Denmark prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
DenmarkHigh income: OECDPension1993Denmark explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
DenmarkHigh income: OECDWorkplace1999Denmark prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
DenmarkHigh income: OECDWorkplace2001Denmark enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
DenmarkHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2009Denmark introduced new legitation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
DenmarkHigh income: OECDPay2009Denmark mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
DenmarkHigh income: OECDMarriage2013Denmark enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
DjiboutiMiddle East & North AfricaPension1991Djibouti introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
DjiboutiMiddle East & North AfricaEntrepreneurship1996Djibouti's Penal Code made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
DjiboutiMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2006Djibouti prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
DjiboutiMiddle East & North AfricaPay2007Djibouti mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
DjiboutiMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2019Djibouti enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
DjiboutiMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2020Djibouti enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
DominicaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1974Dominica recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
DominicaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1974Dominica allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
DominicaLatin America & CaribbeanPension1977Dominica introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
DominicaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2003Dominica enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship1980Dominican Republic amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1980Dominican Republic no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1980Dominican Republic reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1980The Dominican Republic allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1993The Dominican Republic introduced paid paternity leave.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanPay1993The Dominican Republic lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1993The Dominican Republic prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1998Dominican Republic enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1998The Dominican Republic adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanAssets2003The Dominican Republic granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2016Dominican Republic's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Dominican RepublicLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2018The Dominican Republic increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1972Ecuador removed provisions designating the husband as administrator of property, granting spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship1972Ecuador amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1972Ecuador allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1972Ecuador allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanPension1990Ecuador introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1991Ecuador no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1991Ecuador reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1997Ecuador enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanPay2000Ecuador mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2000Ecuador enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanPension2003Ecuador explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2007Ecuador introduced paid paternity leave.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2010Ecuador prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
EcuadorLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2017Ecuador amended its Civil Code to allow women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men. A waiting period for women of 300 days before remarriage was also abolished.
Egypt, Arab Rep.Middle East & North AfricaMarriage1987xEgypt, Arab Rep. introduced a new personal status law that obliges a married woman to obey her husband.
Egypt, Arab Rep.Middle East & North AfricaPension1987The Arab Republic of Egypt explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Egypt, Arab Rep.Middle East & North AfricaParenthood1992The Arab Republic of Egypt prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Egypt, Arab Rep.Middle East & North AfricaMobility2002Egypt, Arab Rep.'s Constitutional Court Decision removed restriction for a married woman to travel abroad without her husband's permission.
Egypt, Arab Rep.Middle East & North AfricaWorkplace2004The Arab Republic of Egypt prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Egypt, Arab Rep.Middle East & North AfricaWorkplace2016The Arab Republic of Egypt enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1995El Salvador recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1995El Salvador no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband. El Salvador allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1995El Salvador introduced a new Family Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1995El Salvador prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1998El Salvador enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanPension1998El Salvador explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1999El Salvador enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2007El Salvador enacted a new Consumer Protection Law that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2009El Salvador began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2014El Salvador introduced paid paternity leave.
El SalvadorLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2017El Salvador increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
Equatorial GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1985Equatorial Guinea began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
Equatorial GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaPension1985Equatorial Guinea introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Equatorial GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1991Equatorial Guinea prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Equatorial GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1991Equatorial Guinea prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Equatorial GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2014Equatorial Guinea introduced paid paternity leave.
Equatorial GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2014Equatorial Guinea mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
EritreaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1993Eritrea granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
EritreaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1993Eritrea allowed women to be head of household. Eritrea no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
EritreaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1993Eritrea introduced the Transitional Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
EritreaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1993Eritrea prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
EritreaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2003Eritrea prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDPension1972xEstonia set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDParenthood1973Estonia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDParenthood1974Estonia increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDParenthood1993Estonia introduced paid parental leave.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDPay1993Estonia lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDPension1993Estonia no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDParenthood2003Estonia introduced paid paternity leave.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDPension2003Estonia explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDPay2005Estonia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDWorkplace2005Estonia prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDPay2010Estonia allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men. It also eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2011Estonia's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
EstoniaHigh income: OECDPension2017Estonia equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
EswatiniSub-Saharan AfricaPension1975Eswatini introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
EswatiniSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1982Eswatini prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
EswatiniSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1982Eswatini prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
EswatiniSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2013Eswatini granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
EswatiniSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2020Eswatini enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1994Ethiopia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1994Ethiopia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2002Ethiopia's revised Family Code granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2002Ethiopia allowed women to be head of household. Ethiopia no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2002Ethiopia introduced the Revised Family Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2006Ethiopia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaPension2013Ethiopia introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
EthiopiaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2021Ethiopia increased paid maternity leave from 90 to 120 days and introduced 3 days of paid paternity leave.
FijiEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2000Fiji enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
FijiEast Asia & PacificAssets2005Fiji recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
FijiEast Asia & PacificParenthood2009Fiji prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
FijiEast Asia & PacificPay2009Fiji lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
FijiEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2009Fiji prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
FijiEast Asia & PacificMarriage2011Fiji enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
FijiEast Asia & PacificParenthood2020Fiji introduced five days of paid paternity leave. It also increased the duration of paid maternity leave from 84 to 98 days.
FijiEast Asia & PacificMobility2021Fiji allowed women to apply for a passport in the same way as men.
FinlandHigh income: OECDParenthood1976Finland increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
FinlandHigh income: OECDParenthood1979Finland introduced paid paternity leave. It also introduced paid parental leave.
FinlandHigh income: OECDPay1987Finland mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
FinlandHigh income: OECDWorkplace1988Finland prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
FinlandHigh income: OECDPay1990Finland lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
FinlandHigh income: OECDMarriage2000Finland enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
FinlandHigh income: OECDPension2005Finland explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
FinlandHigh income: OECDWorkplace2006Finland enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
FinlandHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2010Finland' new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
FranceHigh income: OECDMarriage1972France allowed women to be head of household.
FranceHigh income: OECDPay1974France mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
FranceHigh income: OECDMobility1977France reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
FranceHigh income: OECDWorkplace1984France prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
FranceHigh income: OECDAssets1987France granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
FranceHigh income: OECDPension1987France explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
FranceHigh income: OECDPay1989France lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
FranceHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1994France's Penal Code made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
FranceHigh income: OECDWorkplace1994France enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
FranceHigh income: OECDPay2002France eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
FranceHigh income: OECDMarriage2005France gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
FranceHigh income: OECDMarriage2007France enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
FranceHigh income: OECDPay2008France allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
FranceHigh income: OECDParenthood2016France introduced paid parental leave.
GabonSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1983Gabon introduced paid paternity leave.
GabonSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1996Gabon prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
GabonSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1996Gabon prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
GabonSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2018Gabon enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaPension1979The Gambia introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1988The Gambia introduced the Matrimonial Causes Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2009The Gambia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2012The Gambia's Woman's Act recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2012The Gambia increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2012The Gambia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Gambia, TheSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2015The Gambia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xGeorgia set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Georgia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1975Georgia increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaPension1975Georgia no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1975Georgia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaPension2005Georgia no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2007Georgia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2008Georgia increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2011Georgia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaPay2014Georgia allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaPay2015Georgia eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining. It also lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2020Georgia made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based
discrimination in access to financial services.
GeorgiaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2020Georgia enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
GermanyHigh income: OECDWorkplace1978Germany allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
GermanyHigh income: OECDParenthood1987Germany introduced paid parental leave.
GermanyHigh income: OECDPension1987Germany explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
GermanyHigh income: OECDWorkplace1996Germany prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
GermanyHigh income: OECDMarriage2003Germany enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
GermanyHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2008Germany introduced a new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
GermanyHigh income: OECDParenthood2008Germany introduced paid paternity leave.
GermanyHigh income: OECDWorkplace2008Germany enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
GermanyHigh income: OECDPay2010Germany eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining.
GermanyHigh income: OECDPay2019Germany introduced new legislation that mandates equal remuneration for work of equal value.
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1973Ghana introduced the Matrimonial Causes Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1987Ghana's Intestate Succession Act made inheritance equal under law for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaPension1992Ghana equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2005Ghana prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2005Ghana lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2005Ghana prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
GhanaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2008Ghana enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
GreeceHigh income: OECDAssets1984Greece eliminated the husband's supremacy in conjugal and family relations, granting spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage. Greece also recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
GreeceHigh income: OECDMarriage1984Greece allowed women to be head of household. Greece abolished a 10-month waiting period for women before remarriage, giving them the same rights to remarry as men.
GreeceHigh income: OECDParenthood1984Greece prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
GreeceHigh income: OECDParenthood1985Greece increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
GreeceHigh income: OECDWorkplace1985Greece prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
GreeceHigh income: OECDPension1986Greece explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
GreeceHigh income: OECDParenthood1994Greece introduced paid paternity leave.
GreeceHigh income: OECDMarriage2008Greece enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
GreeceHigh income: OECDPay2008Greece eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
GreeceHigh income: OECDWorkplace2008Greece enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
GreeceHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2011Greece introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
GreeceHigh income: OECDPay2012Greece mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
GreeceHigh income: OECDPension2012Greece equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1974Grenada recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1974Grenada allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1975Grenada introduced new legislation allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1982Grenada prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanPension1984Grenada introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanPay2001Grenada mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value. It also eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2001Grenada prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2003Grenada enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
GrenadaLatin America & CaribbeanMobility2020Grenada made international travel easier for women by allowing them to apply for a passport in the same way as men, with no need for additional documentation
GuatemalaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1994Guatemala introduced paid paternity leave.
GuatemalaLatin America & CaribbeanPay1994Guatemala lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
GuatemalaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1995Guatemala began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
GuatemalaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1998Guatemala enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
GuatemalaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets2000Guatemala granted spouses equal administrative authority over assets during marriage and equal rights to immovable property.
GuatemalaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2001Guatemala allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
GuatemalaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2009Guatemala revoked a provision requiring a waiting period for women before remarriage.
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1989Guinea increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaPay1989Guinea mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2015Guinea prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2015Guinea lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2015Guinea prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2018Guinea's new Penal Code made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2020Guinea allowed women to be head of household and obtain a divorce in the same way as a man.
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2020Guinea allowed women to choose where to live in the same way as men.
GuineaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2020Guinea allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Guinea-BissauSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1987Guinea-Bissau's social security system began administering maternity benefits.
Guinea-BissauSub-Saharan AfricaPension1987Guinea-Bissau introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Guinea-BissauSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1987Guinea-Bissau prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Guinea-BissauSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2015Guinea-Bissau enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1990Guyana introduced the Domicile Reform Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1992Guyana recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1998Guyana enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanPay1998Guyana mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship1999Guyana introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1999Guyana prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
GuyanaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1999Guyana prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
HaitiLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1984Haiti granted spouses equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
HaitiLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship1984Haiti introduced new legislation allowing a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
HaitiLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1984Haiti no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
HaitiLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1984Haiti allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
HaitiLatin America & CaribbeanPay1985Haiti mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
HaitiLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1985Haiti prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
HaitiLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2018Haiti's government began administering maternity benefits.
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanPension1973Honduras introduced an old-age pension system that does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1986Honduras allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1998Honduras enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1998Honduras enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2001Honduras prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2009Honduras's Consumer Law made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2014Honduras allowed women to be head of household.
HondurasLatin America & CaribbeanMobility2014Honduras reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaEast Asia & PacificPension1974Hong Kong SAR, China introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaEast Asia & PacificMarriage1988Hong Kong SAR, China enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship1997Hong Kong SAR, China introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1997Hong Kong SAR, China enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1998Hong Kong SAR, China prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Hong Kong SAR, ChinaEast Asia & PacificParenthood2016Hong Kong SAR, China introduced paid paternity leave.
HungaryHigh income: OECDPension1991Hungary explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
HungaryHigh income: OECDParenthood1993Hungary introduced paid paternity leave.
HungaryHigh income: OECDPension1993xHungary set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
HungaryHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2005Hungary introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
HungaryHigh income: OECDWorkplace2005Hungary prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
HungaryHigh income: OECDWorkplace2007Hungary enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
HungaryHigh income: OECDPension2010Hungary equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
HungaryHigh income: OECDMarriage2011Hungary enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
HungaryHigh income: OECDPay2013Hungary allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
IcelandHigh income: OECDWorkplace1976Iceland prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
IcelandHigh income: OECDParenthood1977Iceland increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. Iceland's government began administering maternity benefits.
IcelandHigh income: OECDPay1977Iceland mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
IcelandHigh income: OECDParenthood1981Iceland's government began administering maternity benefits.
IcelandHigh income: OECDPension1986Iceland explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
IcelandHigh income: OECDParenthood1988Iceland prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
IcelandHigh income: OECDParenthood1989Iceland introduced paid parental leave.
IcelandHigh income: OECDParenthood1999Iceland introduced paid paternity leave.
IcelandHigh income: OECDWorkplace2001Iceland enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
IcelandHigh income: OECDMarriage2013Iceland enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
IcelandHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2017Iceland's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
IndiaSouth AsiaWorkplace1989India prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
IndiaSouth AsiaAssets1996India reformed the Hindu Succession Act, equalizing inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
IndiaSouth AsiaMarriage1999India enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
IndiaSouth AsiaWorkplace2014India enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
IndiaSouth AsiaParenthood2018India increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
IndiaSouth AsiaPay2019The state of Maharashtra eliminated restrictions on women’s ability to work in jobs deemed dangerous.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificAssets1975Indonesia granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship1975Indonesia introduced a new Marriage Law allow ing a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificMobility1975Indonesia introduced the Marriage Law allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1975Indonesia allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificPension1978Indonesia introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificParenthood1999Indonesia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificPay2004Indonesia allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2004Indonesia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificParenthood2005Indonesia introduced paid paternity leave.
IndonesiaEast Asia & PacificMarriage2006Indonesia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Iran, Islamic Rep.Middle East & North AfricaPension1992xThe Islamic Republic of Iran set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
Iran, Islamic Rep.Middle East & North AfricaParenthood2009The Islamic Republic of Iran increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
Iran, Islamic Rep.Middle East & North AfricaParenthood2015The Islamic Republic of Iran introduced paid paternity leave.
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaPay1989Iraq eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining and removed restrictions on women's employment in manufacturing.
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace1989Iraq prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaMobility2017Iraq enacted a new passport law which no longer requires a married woman to bring a guardian when applying for a passport.
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2017Iraq increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaPay2017Iraq mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaPension2017xIraq set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
IraqMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2017Iraq enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
IrelandHigh income: OECDPay1976Ireland mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
IrelandHigh income: OECDParenthood1978Ireland prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
IrelandHigh income: OECDWorkplace1979Ireland prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
IrelandHigh income: OECDParenthood1982Ireland introduced paid maternity leave of at least 14 weeks.
IrelandHigh income: OECDPay1982Ireland removed restrictions on women's employment in manufacturing.
IrelandHigh income: OECDMarriage1983Ireland enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
IrelandHigh income: OECDMobility1988Ireland introduced the Domicile and Recognition of Foreign Divorces Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
IrelandHigh income: OECDPension1995Ireland explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
IrelandHigh income: OECDMarriage1997Ireland revoked a constitutional ban on divorce, making the process equal for both spouses. Women and men also have the same rights to remarry.
IrelandHigh income: OECDAssets1998Ireland passed the Family Law (Divorce) Act, explicitly recognizing the value of nonmonetary contributions.
IrelandHigh income: OECDWorkplace2000Ireland enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
IrelandHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2001Ireland's Equal Status Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
IrelandHigh income: OECDParenthood2018Ireland introduced paid paternity leave.
IrelandHigh income: OECDParenthood2021Ireland introduced two weeks of paid parental leave as an individual entitlement for each parent.
IsraelHigh income: OECDAssets1975Israel recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
IsraelHigh income: OECDWorkplace1989Israel prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
IsraelHigh income: OECDMarriage1992Israel enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
IsraelHigh income: OECDPay1997Israel mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
IsraelHigh income: OECDWorkplace1999Israel enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
IsraelHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2001Israel made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
IsraelHigh income: OECDPension2005xIsrael set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
IsraelHigh income: OECDParenthood2007Israel increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
IsraelHigh income: OECDPension2015Israel equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
ItalyHigh income: OECDMarriage1972Italy adopted its first law on divorce, allowing women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
ItalyHigh income: OECDParenthood1973Italy increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
ItalyHigh income: OECDAssets1976Italy recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
ItalyHigh income: OECDMarriage1976Italy allowed women to be head of household.
ItalyHigh income: OECDMobility1976Italy reformed its Family Law removing restriction for a married woman to choose where to live and leave the marital home wihout her husband's permission.
ItalyHigh income: OECDPay1979Italy mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
ItalyHigh income: OECDWorkplace1979Italy prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ItalyHigh income: OECDPension1997Italy explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
ItalyHigh income: OECDParenthood2001Italy introduced paid parental leave.
ItalyHigh income: OECDPay2002Italy eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakingsat night.
ItalyHigh income: OECDWorkplace2006Italy enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
ItalyHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2007Italy introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
ItalyHigh income: OECDWorkplace2007Italy enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
ItalyHigh income: OECDParenthood2014Italy introduced paid paternity leave.
ItalyHigh income: OECDMarriage2015Italy enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ItalyHigh income: OECDPension2019Italy equalized the age (67 years) at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
JamaicaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1981Jamaica prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
JamaicaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1997Jamaica enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
JamaicaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets2007Jamaica recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions as a factor in property division.
JamaicaLatin America & CaribbeanPay2016Jamaica lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
JamaicaLatin America & CaribbeanPension2016Jamaica equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
JapanHigh income: OECDWorkplace1974Japan prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
JapanHigh income: OECDParenthood1986Japan increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
JapanHigh income: OECDPension1992Japan explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
JapanHigh income: OECDParenthood1996Japan introduced paid paternity leave.
JapanHigh income: OECDMarriage2002Japan enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
JapanHigh income: OECDParenthood2011Japan introduced paid parental leave.
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood1980Jordan began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaPension1981Jordan introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2009Jordan enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaPension2011Jordan explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2020Jordan introduced three days of paid paternity leave.
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaPay2020Jordan lifted restrictions on women’s ability to work at night. It also enacted legislation that mandates equal remuneration for work of equal value.
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaEntrepreneurship2021Jordan made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
JordanMiddle East & North AfricaMobility2021Jordan allowed women to apply for a passport in the same way as men.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xKazakhstan set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Kazakhstan increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaPension1974Kazakhstan no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1974Kazakhstan prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1981xKazakhstan no longer prohibits gender discrimination in employment.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaPension1993Kazakhstan explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2001Kazakhstan prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaPay2008Kazakhstan lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2009Kazakhstan introduced paid parental leave.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2011Kazakhstan enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
KazakhstanEurope & Central AsiaPension2017xKazakhstan set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1972Kenya introduced the Domicile Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2008Kenya enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2009Kenya prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2009Kenya mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value. It also eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining and in industrial undertakings at night.
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2009Kenya prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2015Kenya recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
KenyaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2017Kenya enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificPension1979Kiribati introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificPay2009Kiribati mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2009Kiribati prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificMarriage2016Kiribati enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificParenthood2017Kiribati prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificPay2017Kiribati eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining and in industrial undertakings at night. It also lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
KiribatiEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2017Kiribati enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties and civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDPension1975The Republic of Kora introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDParenthood1989The Republic of Korea prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDAssets1991The Republic of Korea's new Family Law equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses. It also recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDMobility1991The Republic of Korea reformed its Civil Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDWorkplace1998The Republic of Korea prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDMarriage1999The Republic of Korea enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDWorkplace2000The Republic of Korea enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDParenthood2003The Republic of Korea increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also introduced paid parental leave.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDMarriage2006The Republic of Korea allowed women to be head of household. Korea, Rep. gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDWorkplace2007The Republic of Korea enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDParenthood2009The Republic of Korea introduced paid paternity leave.
Korea, Rep.High income: OECDPension2009The Republic of Korea explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaPension1998Kosovo equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2003xKosovo decreased the duration of paid maternity leave to less than 14 weeks. It also enacted legislation that obliges employers to share in the administration of maternity benefits.
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaPension2003Kosovo equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It no longer explicitly accounts for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2003Kosovo prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2004Kosovo enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaPay2005Kosovo mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2006Kosovo introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
KosovoEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2012Kosovo increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
KuwaitMiddle East & North AfricaPension1978Kuwait introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
KuwaitMiddle East & North AfricaMobility2011Kuwait amended its passport law which no longer requires women the consent of her husband when applying for a passport.
KuwaitMiddle East & North AfricaPension2020xKuwait set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
KuwaitMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2021Kuwait enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1972Kyrgyz Republic increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xKyrgyz Republic set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Kyrgyz Republic prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaPension1999Kyrgyz Republic no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2004Kyrgyz Republic introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2004Kyrgyz Republic enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2004Kyrgyz Republic enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaPay2006Kyrgyz Republic lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2006Kyrgyz Republic prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2008xKyrgyz Republic enacted legislation that obliges employers to pay the first ten days of maternity leave.
Kyrgyz RepublicEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2010Kyrgyz Republic enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificMarriage1972Lao PDR allowed women to be head of household.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificMobility1977Lao PDR introduced new legislation allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificAssets1987Lao PDR granted spouses equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificAssets1992Lao PDR granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificMarriage1992Lao PDR enacted a new family law, allowing women to obtain a divorce and remarry in the same way as men.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificWorkplace1992Lao PDR allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificParenthood1995Lao PDR prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificWorkplace1995Lao PDR prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificPension2001Lao PDR introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificMarriage2006Lao PDR enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship2007Lao PDR amended its Penal Law that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificPay2008Lao PDR eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night. It also lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificParenthood2015Lao PDR increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificPension2015xLao PDR set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It no longer explicitly accounts for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Lao PDREast Asia & PacificWorkplace2015Lao PDR enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
LatviaHigh income: OECDParenthood1972Latvia increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
LatviaHigh income: OECDPension1972xLatvia set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
LatviaHigh income: OECDParenthood1973Latvia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
LatviaHigh income: OECDPension1997Latvia equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
LatviaHigh income: OECDPay2003Latvia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value. It also eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining.
LatviaHigh income: OECDWorkplace2003Latvia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
LatviaHigh income: OECDParenthood2004Latvia introduced paid paternity leave. It also introduced paid parental leave.
LatviaHigh income: OECDWorkplace2005Latvia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
LatviaHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2009Latvia amended its Consumer Rights Proteccion Law that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
LatviaHigh income: OECDMarriage2015Latvia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
LebanonMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2001Lebanon prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
LebanonMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2001Lebanon prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
LebanonMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2016Lebanon enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1993Lesotho equalized inheritance rights for male and female surviving spouses.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1994Lesotho prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaPay1994Lesotho mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1994Lesotho prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaPension2006Lesotho introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2007Lesotho enacted the Legal Capacity of Married Persons Act abolishing the marital power provision to allow a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2007Lesotho allowed women to be head of household.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2007Lesotho introduced the Legal Capacity of Married Persons Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2007Lesotho allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2008Lesotho granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
LesothoSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2012Lesotho equalized inheritance rights for sons and daughters.
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1974Liberia granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1974Liberia enacted a new Domestic Relations Law allowing a woman to sing a legally biding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1974Liberia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1974Liberia allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1985Liberia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2017Liberia increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2017Liberia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2017Liberia prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
LiberiaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2019Liberia allowed women to be head of household.
LibyaMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage1985Libya no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
LibyaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2011Libya prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
LibyaMiddle East & North AfricaPay2011Libya mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
LibyaMiddle East & North AfricaPension2011xLibya set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
LibyaMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2011Libya prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDPension1972xLithuania set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDParenthood1973Lithuania prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDWorkplace1973Lithuania prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDPension1974Lithuania no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDPension1996Lithuania no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDPay2000Lithuania mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDWorkplace2000Lithuania enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDParenthood2002Lithuania introduced paid parental leave.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDWorkplace2002Lithuania adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2004Lithuania introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDPay2004Lithuania eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining. It also lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDPension2005xLithuania set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDParenthood2008Lithuania introduced paid paternity leave.
LithuaniaHigh income: OECDMarriage2013Lithuania enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDAssets1974Luxembourg granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1974Luxembourg introduced new legislation allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDMarriage1974Luxembourg no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
Luxembourg also enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDMobility1974Luxembourg reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDWorkplace1974Luxembourg allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDWorkplace1974Luxembourg allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDAssets1975Luxembourg granted spouses equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDPay1976Luxembourg mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDParenthood1977Luxembourg prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDWorkplace1983Luxembourg prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDParenthood2000Luxembourg introduced paid parental leave.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDWorkplace2001Luxembourg enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDPension2002Luxembourg explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDPay2008Luxembourg eliminated restrictions on women's employment in mining and in industrial undertakings at night.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2009Luxembourg introduced a new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
LuxembourgHigh income: OECDParenthood2012Luxembourg introduced paid paternity leave.
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1977Madagascar prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaPension1996Madagascar explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2002Madagascar enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaPay2006Madagascar lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2006Madagascar prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2009Madagascar granted spouses equal rights to immovable property. Madagascar granted spouses equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaPension2015Madagascar equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It also equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
MadagascarSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2021Madagascar enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1995Malawi's new constitution equalized inheritance rights for male and female surviving spouses.
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2001Malawi prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaPay2001Malawi mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2001Malawi prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaPay2006Malawi eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2008Malawi enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaPension2013Malawi introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2014Malawi enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
MalawiSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2016Malawi passed the Marriage, Divorce and Family Relations Bill, which recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
MalaysiaEast Asia & PacificAssets1986Malaysia recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
MalaysiaEast Asia & PacificMarriage1996Malaysia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MalaysiaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2013Malaysia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
MaldivesSouth AsiaParenthood2009Maldives prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
MaldivesSouth AsiaPay2009Maldives allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
MaldivesSouth AsiaWorkplace2009Maldives prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
MaldivesSouth AsiaParenthood2010Maldives introduced paid paternity leave.
MaldivesSouth AsiaPension2010Maldives introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
MaldivesSouth AsiaMarriage2013Maldives enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MaldivesSouth AsiaWorkplace2016Maldives enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
MaldivesSouth AsiaEntrepreneurship2018Maldives' Gender Equality Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
MaliSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1994Mali increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
MaliSub-Saharan AfricaPension2001Mali explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
MaliSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2013Mali equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
MaliSub-Saharan AfricaPay2019Mali enacted legislation that mandates equal remuneration for work of equal value.
MaliSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2019Mali enacted legislation that prohibits discrimination in employment based on gender.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood1987Malta prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaPension1988xMalta set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage1995Malta enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaMobility1995Malta reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2001Malta increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaPay2003Malta mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaPension2004xMalta set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2004Malta enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaEntrepreneurship2005Malta introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2005Malta prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2007Malta allowed women to be head of household.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2009Malta introduced paid paternity leave.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2013Malta legalized divorce, equally granting the right to both spouses. There is no waiting period before remarriage for either spouse.
MaltaMiddle East & North AfricaPension2015Malta equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It also equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
Marshall IslandsEast Asia & PacificMarriage2013Marshall Islands enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Marshall IslandsEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship2021The Marshall Islands made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination when providing financial services.
Marshall IslandsEast Asia & PacificPay2021The Marshall Islands mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
Marshall IslandsEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2021The Marshall Islands prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
MauritaniaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1975Mauritania introduced paid paternity leave.
MauritaniaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1981xMauritania no longer prohibits gender discrimination in employment.
MauritaniaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2006Mauritania increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
MauritaniaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2006Mauritania prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
MauritaniaSub-Saharan AfricaPension2016Mauritania equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It also equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaPension1978Mauritius introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1981Mauritius granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1982Mauritius enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1982Mauritius reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1999Mauritius allowed women to be head of household.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2000Mauritius enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2010Mauritius' Equal Oportunity Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2010Mauritius prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaPay2010Mauritius eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2010Mauritius prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaPay2014Mauritius mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
MauritiusSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2017Mauritius increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1976Mexico allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1985Mexico amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1992Mexico enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanAssets2001Mexico recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2001Mexico gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2008Mexico enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2010Mexico allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as a man.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2014Mexico prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2014Mexico prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
MexicoLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2015Mexico's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.East Asia & PacificMarriage2019Micronesia, Fed. Sts. enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1972Moldova increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xMoldova set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Moldova prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1975Moldova prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1992Moldova introduced paid parental leave.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaPension1998Moldova no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaPension2000Moldova explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2007Moldova introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2007Moldova enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2009Moldova enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaPay2012Moldova lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2018Moldova introduced paid paternity leave.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaPay2019Moldova lifted restrictions on women’s ability to hold jobs deemed dangerous. It also eliminated restrictions on women’s ability to work in certain industries. Now, such restrictions are limited to women who are pregnant, nursing or postpartum.
MoldovaEurope & Central AsiaPension2019xMoldova introduced different mandatory retirement ages for women and men. Employers may now terminate the contracts of women at age 58 and 6 months and of men at age 63. The ages are set to equalize in 2028.
MongoliaEast Asia & PacificParenthood1992Mongolia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
MongoliaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1992Mongolia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
MongoliaEast Asia & PacificPay2010Mongolia eliminated all restrictions on women's employment.
MongoliaEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship2012Mongolia introduced new legislation that makes ccess to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
MongoliaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2012Mongolia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
MongoliaEast Asia & PacificMarriage2018Mongolia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaPension1992Montenegro equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaPension2004Montenegro no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2005Montenegro prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2009Montenegro enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2012Montenegro's Prohibition of Discrimination Law made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2012Montenegro enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaPay2012Montenegro mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaPension2012xMontenegro set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2013Montenegro introduced paid parental leave.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2014Montenegro enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
MontenegroEurope & Central AsiaPay2021Montenegro eliminated restrictions on women's employment in industrial jobs such as mining, construction, manufacturing and the water sector. It also removed restrictions on women's employment in jobs deemed dangerous.
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaMobility1995Morocco enacted new legislation which no longer requires a married woman her husband's consent when applying for a passport.
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace1997Morocco allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaEntrepreneurship2005Morocco amended its Penal Code that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2005Morocco enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaPay2005Morocco mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2005Morocco prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2006Morocco prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
MoroccoMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2019Morocco allowed women to be head of household. Morocco no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1979Mozambique granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1987Mozambique prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2006Mozambique introduced a new Family Law allowing a woman to sing a legally biding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2006Mozambique enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence and giving women the same rights to remarry as men.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2006Mozambique introduced a new Family Law allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2006Mozambique allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2009Mozambique began administering maternity benefits through its social security system. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaPension2009Mozambique explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2009Mozambique prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2011Mozambique allowed women to be head of household.
MozambiqueSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2019Mozambique made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
MyanmarEast Asia & PacificParenthood2014Myanmar increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1993Namibia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaPension1993Namibia introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1996Namibia began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1997Namibia removed the husband's marital power, granting spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1997Namibia enacted th Married Persons Equality Act abolishing the marital power provision to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1997Namibia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1997Namibia introduced the Married Persons Equality Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1997Namibia allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2005Namibia allowed women to be head of household.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2009Namibia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
NamibiaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2009Namibia prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
NepalSouth AsiaAssets2003Nepal granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
NepalSouth AsiaMarriage2010Nepal enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
NepalSouth AsiaWorkplace2016Nepal enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
NepalSouth AsiaAssets2019Nepal equalized inheritance rights for sons and daughters and for male and female surviving spouses.
NepalSouth AsiaMarriage2019Nepal allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as a man.
NepalSouth AsiaMobility2019xNepal introduced a provision that restricts women from choosing where to live in the same way as men.
NepalSouth AsiaParenthood2019Nepal introduced 15 days of paid paternity leave.
NepalSouth AsiaPay2019Nepal lifted restrictions on women’s ability to work at night. It also mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
NepalSouth AsiaWorkplace2019Nepal enacted new legislation that prohibits discrimination in employment based on gender.
NepalSouth AsiaParenthood2020Nepal increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
NepalSouth AsiaPension2020Nepal adopted its first old age pension system that allows both women and men to retire with full pension benefits at age 60. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDPay1976The Netherlands mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDWorkplace1981The Netherlands prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDPay1987The Netherlands eliminated restrictions on women's ability to work at night in factories and other industrial workplaces.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDPay1990The Netherlands lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDParenthood1991The Netherlands prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1995The Netherlands' Equal Treatment Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDWorkplace2000The Netherlands enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDWorkplace2008The Netherlands adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDParenthood2010The Netherlands introduced paid paternity leave.
NetherlandsHigh income: OECDMarriage2016The Netherlands enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDAssets1978New Zealand explicitly recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDMobility1978New Zealand introduced the Domicile Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDWorkplace1979New Zealand prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDParenthood1982New Zealand prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDPay1983New Zealand lifted the ban on women's employment
New ZealandHigh income: OECDWorkplace1988New Zealand enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1995New Zealand introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDMarriage1997New Zealand enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDParenthood2003New Zealand's government began administering maternity benefits.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDParenthood2007New Zealand increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDParenthood2017New Zealand introduced paid parental leave.
New ZealandHigh income: OECDPay2021New Zealand mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanPension1983xNicaragua no longer explicitly accounts for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1989Nicaragua recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions, including domestic work.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1989Nicaragua enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1998Nicaragua prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2009Nicaragua allowed women to be head of household.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2009Nicaragua enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2015Nicaragua's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2016Nicaragua allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanMobility2016Nicaragua introduced a new Family Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2016Nicaragua introduced paid paternity leave.
NicaraguaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2017Nicaragua gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
NigerSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1974Niger introduced paid paternity leave.
NigerSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1998Niger prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
NigerSub-Saharan AfricaPay1998Niger mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
NigerSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1998Niger prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
NigerSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2005Niger enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
NigerSub-Saharan AfricaPay2019Niger removed restrictions on women’s employment in mining, construction and manufacturing. Women can now work in these industries in the same way as men.
NigeriaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1973Nigeria equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
NigeriaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2008Nigeria enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
NigeriaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2013Nigeria enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
North MacedoniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973North Macedonia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
North MacedoniaEurope & Central AsiaPension1995North Macedonia equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
North MacedoniaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2000North Macedonia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
North MacedoniaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2007North Macedonia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
North MacedoniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2010North Macedonia introduced paid paternity leave.
North MacedoniaEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2011North Macedonia introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
North MacedoniaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2016North Macedonia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
NorwayHigh income: OECDParenthood1978Norway prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It began administering maternity benefits. It also introduced paid parental leave.
NorwayHigh income: OECDPay1980Norway mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
NorwayHigh income: OECDWorkplace1980Norway prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
NorwayHigh income: OECDMarriage1993Norway enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
NorwayHigh income: OECDPension1993Norway explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
NorwayHigh income: OECDParenthood1994Norway introduced paid paternity leave.
NorwayHigh income: OECDWorkplace2004Norway enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
NorwayHigh income: OECDMarriage2010Norway gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
OmanMiddle East & North AfricaPension1993Oman introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
OmanMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2004Oman prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
PakistanSouth AsiaPension1977Pakistan introduced an old-age pension system that does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
PakistanSouth AsiaEntrepreneurship1986xPakistan introduced a new companies law that prescribes additional procedures for women when registering a business compared to men.
PakistanSouth AsiaPension1988xPakistan set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
PakistanSouth AsiaWorkplace2011Pakistan enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
PakistanSouth AsiaMarriage2014Pakistan enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
PakistanSouth AsiaWorkplace2018Pakistan prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
PakistanSouth AsiaParenthood2019Pakistan increased the duration of paid maternity leave from 84 to 112 days.
PakistanSouth AsiaEntrepreneurship2021Pakistan allowed women to register a business in the same way as a men.
PalauEast Asia & PacificMarriage2014Palau enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1995Panama recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1995Panama enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanPay1996Panama removed ban on women's employment in mining and construction.
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1997Panama enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2003Panama allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2006Panama prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2015Panama adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
PanamaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2018Panama introduced paid paternity leave.
Papua New GuineaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1980Papua New Guinea prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Papua New GuineaEast Asia & PacificPension1982Papua New Guinea introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Papua New GuineaEast Asia & PacificMarriage2015Papua New Guinea enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanPay1976Paraguay lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1987Paraguay introduced a Civil Code allowing a woman choose where to live in the same way as a man.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1994Paraguay granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship1994Paraguay amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to register a business in the same way as a man without her husband's consent.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1994Paraguay enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1994Paraguay allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband. It also prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanPay1995Paraguay mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value. It also eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1999Paraguay enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2000Paraguay introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2002Paraguay allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men and gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
ParaguayLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2017Paraguay increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1986Peru's new Civil Code granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage. It also recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1986Peru enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1986Peru introduced a new Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1986Peru allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanPension1993xPeru set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1995Peru allowed women to be head of household.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanPension1997Peru equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1998Peru prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanPension1998Peru equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1998Peru prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2000Peru's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2004Peru enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanPay2008Peru mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2011Peru introduced paid paternity leave.
PeruLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2017Peru increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificParenthood1974The Philippines's social security system began administering maternity benefits.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificParenthood1975The Philippines prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship1989The Philippines introduced a new Family Code allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, open a bank account, and register a business in the same way as a man without her husband's consent.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificMobility1989The Philippines introduced a Family Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1989The Philippines allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificPay1990The Philippines mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship1993The Philippines introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1996The Philippines enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificParenthood1998The Philippines introduced paid paternity leave.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificMarriage2005The Philippines enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificPay2013The Philippines elimiated restrictions on women's ability to work in industrial undertakings at night. It also lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificParenthood2020The Philippines extended the duration of paid maternity leave from 60 to 105 days.
PhilippinesEast Asia & PacificParenthood2020xThe Philippines enacted legislation that obliges employers to share in the administration of maternity benefits.
PolandHigh income: OECDParenthood1974Poland increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
PolandHigh income: OECDParenthood1976Poland prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
PolandHigh income: OECDPension1976xPoland set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
PolandHigh income: OECDPension1984xPoland set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
PolandHigh income: OECDMarriage1999Poland enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
PolandHigh income: OECDPension2000Poland no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
PolandHigh income: OECDPay2009Poland mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
PolandHigh income: OECDWorkplace2010Poland enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
PolandHigh income: OECDParenthood2011Poland introduced paid paternity leave.
PolandHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2012Poland's Equal Treatment Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
PolandHigh income: OECDWorkplace2012Poland prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
PolandHigh income: OECDParenthood2014Poland introduced paid parental leave.
PolandHigh income: OECDPension2014xPoland set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
PolandHigh income: OECDPay2018Poland allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men. It also removed all restrictions on women's employment.
PolandHigh income: OECDPension2018Poland no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
PortugalHigh income: OECDAssets1979Portugal granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
PortugalHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1979Portugal amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
PortugalHigh income: OECDMarriage1979Portugal enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
PortugalHigh income: OECDMobility1979Portugal reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
PortugalHigh income: OECDWorkplace1979Portugal allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
PortugalHigh income: OECDPay1981Portugal mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
PortugalHigh income: OECDMobility1990Portugal introduced new legislation which no longer establishes differences in the application procedures for a married woman when applying for a passport.
PortugalHigh income: OECDPension1995Portugal explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
PortugalHigh income: OECDMarriage1996Portugal allowed women to be head of household.
PortugalHigh income: OECDParenthood1997Portugal increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
PortugalHigh income: OECDParenthood2001Portugal introduced paid paternity leave.
PortugalHigh income: OECDPay2005Portugal removed restrictionson women's employment in industrial undertakings.
PortugalHigh income: OECDWorkplace2005Portugal enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
PortugalHigh income: OECDWorkplace2006Portugal prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
PortugalHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2009Portugal introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
PortugalHigh income: OECDParenthood2010Portugal introduced paid parental leave.
PortugalHigh income: OECDMarriage2021Portugal gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
Puerto Rico (U.S.)Latin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship1976Puerto Rico's Equal Credit Opportunity Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Puerto Rico (U.S.)Latin America & CaribbeanAssets1978Puerto Rico made both spouses administrators of marital property, granting them equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
Puerto Rico (U.S.)Latin America & CaribbeanMarriage1978Puerto Rico enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Puerto Rico (U.S.)Latin America & CaribbeanMobility1978Puerto Rico reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Puerto Rico (U.S.)Latin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1989Puerto Rico enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Puerto Rico (U.S.)Latin America & CaribbeanMarriage1991Puerto Rico no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
Puerto Rico (U.S.)Latin America & CaribbeanMarriage2021Puerto Rico, U.S., gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
QatarMiddle East & North AfricaPay2006xQatar prohibited women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
QatarMiddle East & North AfricaMobility2008Qatar introduced new legal amendments which no longer requires a married woman her guardian's consent when applying for a passport.
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1973Romania prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaPension1974xRomania set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2001Romania introduced paid paternity leave. It also introduced paid parental leave.
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaPay2003Romania mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2003Romania enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2004Romania enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2004Romania prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
RomaniaEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2008Romania's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xThe Russian Federation set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973The Russian Federation prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1973The Russian Federation prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaPension1992The Russian Federation explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaPension1993The Russian Federation no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1997The Russian Federation introduced paid parental leave.
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaPay2000The Russian Federation lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
Russian FederationEurope & Central AsiaPay2003The Russian Federation mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaPay1981Rwanda lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2001Rwanda reformed its Civil Code, granting spouses equal rights to immovable property and equalizing inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2003Rwanda allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men. It also eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2003Rwanda prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2004Rwanda introduced paid paternity leave.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2010Rwanda enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2010Rwanda enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2018Rwanda allowed women to be head of household.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2018Rwanda introduced new legislation allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
RwandaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2021Rwanda gave women the same rights to remarry as men.
SamoaEast Asia & PacificPension1973Samoa introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
SamoaEast Asia & PacificAssets2011Samoa recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions, including unpaid work caring for family members.
SamoaEast Asia & PacificMarriage2014Samoa enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SamoaEast Asia & PacificParenthood2014Samoa prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
SamoaEast Asia & PacificPay2014Samoa lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
SamoaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2014Samoa prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
San MarinoEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1982San Marino prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
San MarinoEurope & Central AsiaAssets1987San Marino recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
San MarinoEurope & Central AsiaMarriage1987San Marino enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
San MarinoEurope & Central AsiaMobility1987San Marino reformed its Family Law removing restriction for a married woman to choose where to live and leave the marital home without her husband's permission.
San MarinoEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1987San Marino allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
San MarinoEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2009San Marino allowed women to be head of household. San Marino legalized divorce, allowing women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1977São Tomé and Príncipe enacted new legislation which no longer establishes differences in the application procedures for a married woman when applying for a passport.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1979São Tomé and Príncipe granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1979São Tomé and Príncipe enacted a new Family Law allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1979São Tomé and Príncipe enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1979São Tomé and Príncipe introduced a Family Law allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1979São Tomé and Príncipe allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1980São Tomé and Príncipe introduced a social security system that administers maternity benefits.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaPension1981São Tomé and Príncipe introduced an old-age pension system that does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1993São Tomé and Príncipe prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2010São Tomé and Príncipe allowed women to be head of household.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2014São Tomé and Príncipe enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaPension2016São Tomé and Príncipe equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2020São Tomé and Príncipe prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
São Tomé and PríncipeSub-Saharan AfricaPay2020São Tomé and Príncipe lifted restrictions on women’s ability to work at night, in mining and in jobs deemed dangerous.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2007Saudi Arabia introduced paid paternity leave.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaPay2012Saudi Arabia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2015Saudi Arabia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2019Saudi Arabia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaEntrepreneurship2020Saudi Arabia made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2020Saudi Arabia began allowing women to be head of household and removed the legal obligation for a married woman to obey her husband.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaMobility2020Saudi Arabia improved women’s mobility by removing restrictions on obtaining a passport and traveling abroad. New legal amendments also equalized a woman’s right to choose where to live and leave the marital home.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2020Saudi Arabia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaPension2020Saudi Arabia equalized the age (60 years) at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It also mandated a retirement age of 60 years for both women and men.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2020Saudi Arabia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Saudi ArabiaMiddle East & North AfricaPay2021Saudi Arabia eliminated all restrictions on women's employment.
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1974Senegal allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaPension1979Senegal introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It also sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1982Senegal increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1984Senegal introduced paid paternity leave.
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaPension1991Senegal explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2000Senegal enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2000Senegal enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
SenegalSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2021Senegal prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaPension1998Serbia equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2003Serbia introduced paid paternity leave. It also introduced paid parental leave.
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2003Serbia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaPension2004Serbia no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2006Serbia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2007Serbia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaPay2010Serbia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2011Serbia introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
SerbiaEurope & Central AsiaPension2016xSerbia set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1972Seychelles enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaPension1972The Seychelles introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1977Seychelles introduced a Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1995The Seychelles increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1996The Seychelles prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1996The Seychelles prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2001Seychelles allowed women to be head of household.
SeychellesSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2017The Seychelles introduced paid paternity leave.
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaPension2003Sierra Leone introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It also sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2009Sierra Leone equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2009Sierra Leone enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2010Sierra Leone granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2010Sierra Leone introduced the Registration of Customary Marriage and Divorce Act llowing a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2010Sierra Leone allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
Sierra LeoneSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2021Sierra Leone adopted legislation on sexual harassment in employment.
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificAssets1987Singapore amended the Women's Charter to explicitly recognize the value of nonmonetary contributions.
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificMarriage1988Singapore enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificPay1990Singapore lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificPay1997Singapore eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining.
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificParenthood2010Singapore increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificParenthood2015Singapore introduced paid parental leave. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
SingaporeEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2016Singapore enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDParenthood1991The Slovak Republic introduced paid parental leave.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDParenthood1994The Slovak Republic prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDPension2003xThe Slovak Republic set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDWorkplace2003The Slovak Republic prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2005Slovak Republic introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDPay2005Slovak Republic eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining. It also lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDPension2005Slovak Republic no longer establishes an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDMarriage2007Slovak Republic enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDPension2009xSlovak Republic set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDWorkplace2009Slovak Republic enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDPension2011Slovak Republic equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDPay2012Slovak Republic allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
Slovak RepublicHigh income: OECDPension2021xSlovak Republic established unequal ages for men and women to retire with full and partial pension benefits. The mandatory retirement age for men and women is also now unequal.
SloveniaHigh income: OECDParenthood2003Slovenia introduced paid parental leave.
SloveniaHigh income: OECDPay2003Slovenia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
SloveniaHigh income: OECDPension2003Slovenia no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
SloveniaHigh income: OECDWorkplace2003Slovenia prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
SloveniaHigh income: OECDParenthood2005Slovenia introduced paid paternity leave.
SloveniaHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2006Slovenia introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
SloveniaHigh income: OECDMarriage2009Slovenia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SloveniaHigh income: OECDPension2019Slovenia equalized the age (60 years) at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
SloveniaHigh income: OECDPension2021Slovenia equalized the ages (65 years) at which men and women can retire with full pension benefits.
Solomon IslandsEast Asia & PacificPension1974Solomon Islands introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Solomon IslandsEast Asia & PacificMarriage2016Solomon Islands enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SomaliaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1974Somalia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
SomaliaSub-Saharan AfricaPay1974Somalia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
SomaliaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1974Somalia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaPay1984South Africa lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1986South Africa granted spouses equal administrative authority over assets during marriage and recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1988South Africa's Intestate Succession Act equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1993South Africa enacted the Domicile Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1995South Africa granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1995South Africa enacted the General Law Fourth Amendment abolishing the Legal Capacity of Married Persons Act abolishing the marital power provision to allow a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage1995South Africa enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1995South Africa allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1997South Africa prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaPay1997South Africa eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1999South Africa introduced paid paternity leave.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2000South Africa prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2001South Africa introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2001South Africa allowed women to be head of household.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2003South Africa increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2013South Africa enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2015South Africa mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
South AfricaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2015South Africa enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaPension1991South Sudan introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1998South Sudan prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaPension2009South Sudan equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaAssets2010South Sudan equalized inheritance rights for sons and daughters.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2010South Sudan enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2013South Sudan introduced a new Passport and Immigration Act which no longer establishes differences in the application procedures for a married woman when applying for a passport.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaPension2014xSouth Sudan set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also no longer explicitly accounts for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2019South Sudan introduced 10 days of paid paternity leave.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaPay2019South Sudan lifted restrictions on women’s ability to work at night, underground, underwater and in jobs deemed dangerous. It also mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
South SudanSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2019South Sudan prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
SpainHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1976Spain amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to sing a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husban's consent.
SpainHigh income: OECDMarriage1976Spain enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SpainHigh income: OECDPension1976Spain explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
SpainHigh income: OECDWorkplace1976Spain allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
SpainHigh income: OECDParenthood1977Spain increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
SpainHigh income: OECDMobility1979Spain enacted new passport law which no longer requires a married woman her husband's consent when applying for a passport.
SpainHigh income: OECDWorkplace1981Spain prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
SpainHigh income: OECDAssets1983Spain granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
SpainHigh income: OECDMarriage1983Spain no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
SpainHigh income: OECDMobility1983Spain reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
SpainHigh income: OECDPay1995Spain mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
SpainHigh income: OECDParenthood1996Spain prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
SpainHigh income: OECDMarriage1997Spain legalized divorce, equally granting the right to both spouses. There is no waiting period before remarriage for either spouse.
SpainHigh income: OECDPay1997Spain allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men. It also removed restrictions on women's employment in industrial undertakings.
SpainHigh income: OECDWorkplace1997Spain enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
SpainHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2008Spain's Equality of Women and Men Law made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Sri LankaSouth AsiaWorkplace1997Sri Lanka enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Sri LankaSouth AsiaMarriage2007Sri Lanka enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
St. Kitts and NevisLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1974St. Kitts and Nevis enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
St. Kitts and NevisLatin America & CaribbeanPension1979St. Kitts and Nevis explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
St. Kitts and NevisLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1980St. Kitts and Nevis began administering maternity benefits through its social insurance system.
St. Kitts and NevisLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1988St. Kitts and Nevis prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
St. Kitts and NevisLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2001St. Kitts and Nevis allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanPension1972St. Lucia introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1981St. Lucia introduced a social security system that provides maternity benefits.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1990St. Lucia granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1991St. Lucia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1991St. Lucia reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1996St. Lucia no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2001St. Lucia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanPension2001St. Lucia explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2001St. Lucia prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
St. LuciaLatin America & CaribbeanPay2008St. Lucia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1974St. Vincent and the Grenadines enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1991St. Vincent and the Grenadines recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesLatin America & CaribbeanPension1996St. Vincent and the Grenadines explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1997St. Vincent and the Grenadines allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2005St. Vincent and the Grenadines prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
SudanSub-Saharan AfricaPension1991Sudan introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
SudanSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1998Sudan prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
SudanSub-Saharan AfricaPension2009Sudan equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1982Suriname granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship1982Suriname introduced new legislation allowing a woman to sing a legally binding contract and open a bank account in the same way as a man without her husband's consent.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1982Suriname enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1982Suriname introduced new legislation allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same ways as a man.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanPension1982Suriname introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1982Suriname allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanPay1985Suriname lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2010Suriname allowed women to be head of household. Suriname no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanPension2016xSuriname no longer explicitly accounts for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2020Suriname prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2020Suriname prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
SurinameLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2021Suriname introduced 16 weeks of paid maternity leave and 8 days of paid paternity leave.
SwedenHigh income: OECDParenthood1974Sweden introduced paid parental leave.
SwedenHigh income: OECDParenthood1981Sweden introduced paid paternity leave.
SwedenHigh income: OECDWorkplace1981Sweden prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
SwedenHigh income: OECDMarriage1990Sweden enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SwedenHigh income: OECDParenthood1992Sweden prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
SwedenHigh income: OECDPay1992Sweden mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
SwedenHigh income: OECDPension2000Sweden explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
SwedenHigh income: OECDWorkplace2007Sweden enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
SwedenHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship2014Sweden's Discrimination Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDAssets1986Switzerland granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDMarriage1986Switzerland enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDMobility1986Switzerland amended its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDWorkplace1986Switzerland allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDParenthood1989Switzerland prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDPay1996Switzerland mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDPension1996Switzerland explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDWorkplace1996Switzerland enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDWorkplace1997Switzerland prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDParenthood2006Switzerland's government began administering maternity benefits. It also increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
SwitzerlandHigh income: OECDMarriage2008Switzerland allowed women to be head of household.
Syrian Arab RepublicMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2003Syrian Arab Republic increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
Syrian Arab RepublicMiddle East & North AfricaPension2003xSyrian Arab Republic set unequal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
Syrian Arab RepublicMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2008Syrian Arab Republic allowed women to be head of household.
Syrian Arab RepublicMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2011Syrian Arab Republic prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Syrian Arab RepublicMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2011Syrian Arab Republic prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificPay1986Taiwan, China mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificAssets1987Taiwan, China recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificPay1997Taiwan, China lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificMarriage2000Taiwan, China enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificMobility2000Taiwan, China reformed its Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificParenthood2003Taiwan, China prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2003Taiwan, China prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificAssets2004Taiwan, China repealed provisions giving the husband sole administrative authority over marital property, granting spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificParenthood2010Taiwan, China increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also introduced paid parental leave.
Taiwan, ChinaEast Asia & PacificPay2015Taiwan, China eliminated all restrictions on women's employment by limiting them to pregnant and nursing women. It also allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xTajikistan set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Tajikistan prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaPension1995Tajikistan explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1998Tajikistan introduced paid parental leave.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaPay1998Tajikistan mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaPension1998Tajikistan no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1998Tajikistan prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2006Tajikistan introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2014Tajikistan enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
TajikistanEurope & Central AsiaPay2018Tajikistan lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
TanzaniaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1972Tanzania recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
TanzaniaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1999Tanzania enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
TanzaniaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2005Tanzania prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
TanzaniaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2006Tanzania began administering maternity benefits through its social security system. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
TanzaniaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2006Tanzania mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
TanzaniaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2006Tanzania prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ThailandEast Asia & PacificParenthood1999Thailand prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
ThailandEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1999Thailand prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ThailandEast Asia & PacificPension2000Thailand introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
ThailandEast Asia & PacificMarriage2009Thailand enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence. Thailand allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
ThailandEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2009Thailand enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
ThailandEast Asia & PacificPay2020Thailand introduced new legislation that mandates equal remuneration for women and men who perform work of equal value.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificPension1978Timor-Leste introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificParenthood1999Timor-Leste prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2003Timor-Leste prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship2005Timor-Leste enacted the Commerical Companies Act allowing a woman to register a business in the same way as a man without her husband 's consent.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificMarriage2012Timor-Leste enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificAssets2013Timor-Leste's Civil Code gave spouses equal rights and duties, granting them equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship2013Timor-Leste introduced a new Civil Code allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract and open a bank account in the same way as a man without her husband's consent.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificMarriage2013Timor-Leste allowed women to be head of household. Timor-Leste allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificMobility2013Timor-Leste enacted a new Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificParenthood2013Timor-Leste introduced paid paternity leave.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificParenthood2018Timor-Leste introduced a social security system that administers maternity benefits.
Timor-LesteEast Asia & PacificPension2019Timor-Leste explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaPension1974Togo introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1981Togo's Personal and Family Code granted spouses equal rights to immovable property and equal administrative authority over assets during marriage. It also equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1981Togo enacted a Family Code allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account in the same way as a man.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2008Togo prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaPay2008Togo mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2008Togo prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaPay2012Togo eliminated restrictions on women’s ability to work in certain industries by limiting them to pregnant women.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaPension2012Togo explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2014Togo introduced a new Family Law allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2014Togo allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
TogoSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2016Togo allowed women to be head of household.
TongaEast Asia & PacificPension2012Tonga introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
TongaEast Asia & PacificMarriage2015Tonga enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanPension1973Trinidad and Tobago introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1975Trinidad and Tobago recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions, including those made by "looking after the home or caring for the family."
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanAssets1983Trinidad and Tobago equalized inheritance rights for male and female surviving spouses.
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1984Trinidad and Tobago introduced a new Family Law allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1993Trinidad and Tobago enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanEntrepreneurship2002Trinidad and Tobago's new legal amendments made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2002Trinidad and Tobago prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanPay2005Trinidad and Tobago eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
Trinidad and TobagoLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2014Trinidad and Tobago increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
TunisiaMiddle East & North AfricaPension1975Tunisia introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
TunisiaMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace1995Tunisia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
TunisiaMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2019Tunisia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
TunisiaMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2019Tunisia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1992Turkey allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaAssets2003Turkey recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2003Turkey enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaMobility2003Turkey introduced a new Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2004Turkey prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaPay2004Turkey mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2004Turkey prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2005Turkey increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2006Turkey enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2007Turkey allowed women to be head of household.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaPay2009Turkey allowed women to work in jobs deemed dangerous in the same way as men.
TurkeyEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2016Turkey introduced paid paternity leave.
UgandaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2007Uganda mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value. It also eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining.
UgandaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2007Uganda prohibited gender discrimination in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
UgandaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2008Uganda prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It also introduced paid paternity leave.
UgandaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2011Uganda enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
UgandaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2020Uganda made international travel easier for women by allowing them to apply for a passport in the same way as men, with no need to provide additional information.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xUkraine set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Ukraine prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1992Ukraine prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaPension1993Ukraine explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1995Ukraine introduced paid parental leave.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaPension1996Ukraine no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace2007Ukraine enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaMarriage2010Ukraine enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2014Ukraine introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaParenthood2015xUkraine abolished paid parental leave.
UkraineEurope & Central AsiaPension2019Ukraine equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaPension2000The United Arab Emirates introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaMobility2019The United Arab Emirates made international travel easier for women by allowing a married woman to apply for a passport without the written consent of her husband.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaEntrepreneurship2020The United Arab Emirates made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2020The United Arab Emirates began allowing women to be head of household and adopted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2020The United Arab Emirates prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaPay2020The United Arab Emirates lifted restrictions on women’s ability to work at night and in jobs deemed dangerous. It also eliminated restrictions on women’s employment in the mining, manufacturing, agriculture and energy industries.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2020The United Arab Emirates improved the protection of women at work by prohibiting discrimination based on gender in employment. It enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaMarriage2021The United Arab Emirates no longer requires a married woman to obey her husband.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaMobility2021The United Arab Emirates allowed women to choose where to live and travel abroad in the same way as men. The United Arab Emirates also allowed a married woman to leave the home without her husband's permission.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2021The United Arab Emirates allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2021The United Arab Emirates introduced 5 days of paid parental leave as an individual entitlement for each parent. Fathers now have paid leave to care for their newborn babies.
United Arab EmiratesMiddle East & North AfricaPay2021The United Arab Emirates mandated equal remuneration for men and women who perform work of equal value.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDAssets1974The United Kingdom recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDMarriage1974The United Kingdom enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDMobility1975The United Kingdom introduced the Domicile and Matrimonial Proceedings Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDPension1976The United Kingdom explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1977The United Kingdom's Sex Discrimination Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDWorkplace1977The United Kingdom prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDMobility1982The United Kingdom introduced new legal amendments which no longer establishes differences in the application procedures for a married woman when applying for a passport.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDParenthood1988The United Kingdom increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDPay1990The United Kingdom eliminated restrictions on women's employment in mining and manufacturing.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDPension1997The United Kingdom equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDMarriage1998The United Kingdom reformed the Matrimonial Causes Act, allowing women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDParenthood2001The United Kingdom prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDParenthood2004The United Kingdom introduced paid paternity leave.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDWorkplace2007The United Kingdom enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDWorkplace2011The United Kingdom enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
United KingdomHigh income: OECDParenthood2016The United Kingdom introduced paid parental leave.
United StatesHigh income: OECDEntrepreneurship1976United States' Equal Credit Opportunity Act made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
United StatesHigh income: OECDParenthood1980United States prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
United StatesHigh income: OECDAssets1982United States recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
United StatesHigh income: OECDWorkplace1982United States enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
United StatesHigh income: OECDMarriage1995United States enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
United StatesHigh income: OECDParenthood2019New York State (USA) introduced paid family leave that currently entitles each parent to 70 days of leave for the birth of a child. It will gradually increase to 84 days. Parents receive paid parental leave benefits through their employer’s insurance carriers.
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1982Uruguay began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1991Uruguay prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1997Uruguay enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanPension2004Uruguay equalized the ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits.
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2010Uruguay introduced paid paternity leave.
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanPension2010Uruguay explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2011Uruguay enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2015Uruguay increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
UruguayLatin America & CaribbeanPay2019Uruguay introduced new legislation that mandates equal remuneration for women and men who perform work of equal value.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaPension1972xUzbekistan set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1973Uzbekistan prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaPension1995Uzbekistan explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaParenthood1997Uzbekistan introduced paid parental leave.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaPay1997Uzbekistan lifted restrictions on women's ability to work at night.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaPension1997Uzbekistan no longer establishes a mandatory retirement age for women and men.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaWorkplace1997Uzbekistan prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaPension2012xUzbekistan set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaPension2020Uzbekistan equalized the mandatory retirement age (60 years) for women and men.
UzbekistanEurope & Central AsiaEntrepreneurship2021Uzbekistan made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination when providing financial services.
VanuatuEast Asia & PacificMarriage1974Vanuatu enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
VanuatuEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship1983Vanuatu's Penal Code made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
VanuatuEast Asia & PacificPension1989Vanuatu introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits.
VanuatuEast Asia & PacificMarriage2010Vanuatu allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage1984Venezuela, RB enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanMobility1984Venezuela, RB enacted a new Civil Code allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1992Venezuela, RB prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace1992Venezuela, RB prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood1999Venezuela, RB increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanPay2007Venezuela, RB eliminated the ban on women's employment in industrial undertakings at night.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2008Venezuela, RB allowed women to obtain a divorce in the same way as men.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanWorkplace2008Venezuela, RB enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanParenthood2009Venezuela, RB introduced paid paternity leave.
Venezuela, RBLatin America & CaribbeanMarriage2016The Supreme Court of Venezuela declared a waiting period for women before remarriage null and unconstitutional.
VietnamEast Asia & PacificWorkplace1995Vietnam prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
VietnamEast Asia & PacificParenthood1996Vietnam prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers. It increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks. It also began administering maternity benefits through its social insurance system.
VietnamEast Asia & PacificEntrepreneurship2008Vietnam's Gender Equality Law made access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
VietnamEast Asia & PacificMarriage2009Vietnam enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
VietnamEast Asia & PacificPay2014Vietnam mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
VietnamEast Asia & PacificPension2014xVietnam set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
VietnamEast Asia & PacificWorkplace2014Vietnam enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
VietnamEast Asia & PacificParenthood2017Vietnam introduced paid paternity leave.
VietnamEast Asia & PacificPay2021Vietnam eliminated restrictions on women's employment in jobs deemed dangerous.
West Bank and GazaMiddle East & North AfricaWorkplace2001West Bank and Gaza prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
West Bank and GazaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2017West Bank and Gaza began administering maternity benefits through its social security system.
West Bank and GazaMiddle East & North AfricaPension2017West Bank and Gaza introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
West Bank and GazaMiddle East & North AfricaParenthood2020xWest Bank and Gaza reversed a previous reform that introduced the 2016 Social Security Law. Now employers are solely liable for paying maternity benefits.
West Bank and GazaMiddle East & North AfricaPension2020xWest Bank and Gaza reversed a previous reform that introduced the 2016 Social Security Law. There is now no pension system for the private sector.
Yemen, Rep.Middle East & North AfricaPension1996xThe Republic of Yemen set unequal mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
Yemen, Rep.Middle East & North AfricaWorkplace1996The Republic of Yemen prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
Yemen, Rep.Middle East & North AfricaPension2009The Republic of Yemen equalized the mandatory retirement ages for women and men.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood1984Zambia prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1990Zambia equalized inheritance rights for both sons and daughters and male and female surviving spouses.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaPay1992Zambia eliminated the ban on women's employment in mining and in industrial undertakings at night.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1994Zambia prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2013Zambia enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2017Zambia introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaMobility2017Zambia introduced the Gender Equity and Equality Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaPay2017Zambia mandated equal remuneration for work of equal value.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2017Zambia enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment. It adopted criminal penalties for sexual harassment in employment. It also enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
ZambiaSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2020Zambia extended the duration of paid maternity leave from 84 to 98 days.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship1980Zimbabwe enacted the Legal Age of Majority Act allowing a woman to sign a legally binding contract, register a business and open a bank account without her husband's consent.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaMobility1980Zimbabwe introduced the Legal Age of Majority Act allowing a woman to choose where to live in the same way as a man.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace1980Zimbabwe allowed a woman to get a job without permission from her husband.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1989Zimbabwe recognized the value of nonmonetary contributions.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaAssets1993Zimbabwe granted spouses equal rights to immovable property.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaPension1995Zimbabwe introduced an old-age pension system that sets equal ages at which women and men can retire with full pension benefits. It does not establish an age at which women and men can retire with partial pension benefits. It also explicitly accounted for periods of absence due to child care in pension benefits.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaEntrepreneurship2000Zimbabwe introduced new legislation that makes access to credit easier for women by prohibiting gender-based discrimination in financial services.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2003Zimbabwe prohibited the dismissal of pregnant workers.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2003Zimbabwe prohibited gender discrimination in employment.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2004Zimbabwe enacted legislation protecting women from sexual harassment in employment.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaParenthood2007Zimbabwe increased the duration of paid maternity leave to at least 14 weeks.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaWorkplace2007Zimbabwe enacted civil remedies for sexual harassment in employment.
ZimbabweSub-Saharan AfricaMarriage2008Zimbabwe enacted legislation protecting women from domestic violence.