Women, Business and the Law measures the enabling environment for women’s economic opportunity in 190 economies. This year, the study presents two sets of data: Women, Business and the Law 1.0 (WBL 1.0) and an expanded version, Women, Business and the Law 2.0 (WBL 2.0).

WBL 1.0 updates its index of eight indicators and is available for the period from 1971 to 2024 (calendar years 1970 to 2023). Thirty-five aspects of the law are scored across eight indicators of four or five binary questions. Each indicator represents a different phase of a woman’s career. The methodology was designed as an easily replicable measure of the legal environment for women as entrepreneurs and employees. We update the data based on feedback from respondents with expertise in laws on family, labor and violence against women. Indicator-level scores are obtained by calculating the unweighted average of the questions within that indicator and scaling the result to 100. Overall scores are then calculated by taking the average of each indicator, with 100 representing the highest possible score. Detailed WBL 1.0 methodology is listed below, and in the WBL 1.0 Data Notes.

WBL 2.0 introduces a new framework for measuring the implementation gap. It analyzes laws—de jure— and examines the existence of frameworks supporting implementation of the law and gauges experts’ opinions on the outcome of the law for women—de facto. Women, Business and the Law 2.0 also introduces two new indicators – Safety and Childcare – and revises its ongoing indicators. Please refer to the WBL 2.0 Data Notes for the methodology.

Browse the methodology of the WBL 1.0 indicators below or download the complete questionnaires used to collect data for the 2024 publication related to Family, LaborViolence Against Women, and Expert Opinion. For more information, please check our Frequently Asked Questions. For data revisions, click here.