Women, Business and the Law measures legal differences between men’s and women’s access to economic opportunities in 190 economies. Thirty-five aspects of the law are scored across eight indicators of four or five binary questions. Each indicator represents a different phase of a woman’s career. The methodology was designed as an easily replicable measure of the legal environment for women as entrepreneurs and employees. We update the data based on feedback from respondents with expertise in family, labor and criminal law. Indicator-level scores are obtained by calculating the unweighted average of the questions within that indicator and scaling the result to 100. Overall scores are then calculated by taking the average of each indicator, with 100 representing the highest possible score. 

The Women, Business and the Law methodology is supported by research. The approach builds on the experience of the World Bank’s Doing Business project, which develops objective indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights across 190 economies. To see the latest research paper supporting the methodology, click here.

View all indicators below or download the complete questionnaires used to collect data for the 2021 publication related to Family, Labor and Violence Against Women. For more information, visit the Presentations section, check the Data Notes for Women, Business and the Law 2021, and also see our Frequently Asked Questions.