Check out our new areas of research on measuring the legal environment in practice, toward available, affordable, and quality childcare services, women with disabilities and many more.

Areas of Research


Measuring the Legal Environment in Practice

This pilot project presents a new conceptual framework for measuring the implementation gap by examining supportive frameworks for primary legislation and expert opinions of laws in practice.


Toward Available, Affordable, and Quality Childcare Services

Women, Business and the Law presents a new conceptual framework for measuring the legal environment around the provision of childcare services. Related research provides further analysis of the data.


Women with Disabilities

To better understand the impact of such multiple discrimination, WBL is conducting research on the rights of women with disabilities. As part of The World Bank Group’s Commitments on Disability-Inclusive Development, WBL is collecting and analyzing data on the rights of women with disabilities under family law, labor law, and violence against women legislation.



Voices of Female Entrepreneurs

This interview series of female entrepreneurs features WE Empower Challenge awardees and finalists who share their stories and discuss laws that facilitate women’s entrepreneurship as well as remaining opportunities for legal reform to further advance women’s economic empowerment.

Legal Reforms to Protect Women at Home and at Work in São Tomé and Príncipe

This Brief examines the introduction of landmark reforms in São Tomé and Príncipe to counter domestic and family violence and to protect women, both at home and at work.

Reforming Discriminatory Laws to Empower Women in Togo

This Brief examines two reforms, enacted between 2012 and 2014, that lifted previous restrictions to women’s rights in Togo.

Key Ingredients to Women’s Legal Rights in Kenya

This brief focuses on a series of reforms in Kenya, specifically, the adoption of the Sexual Offenses Act of 2006, the Employment Act of 2007, and the Protection Against Domestic Violence Act of 2015.

Reforms to Enhance Gender Equality in the Democratic Republic of Congo: From ...

This brief examines the introduction of the Law on Parity in 2015 and an amendment to the Family Code in 2016.

Challenging Entrenched Marital Power in South Africa

This brief examines more than three decades of reform toward removing the husband's marital power from South African legislation, offering important insights on optimal contexts for change and the role of women in ongoing advocacy efforts.

Women, Business and the Law Economy Summary Series

The economy summary series delves into legal reforms that advance women’s economic empowerment. It also identifies gaps that persist before men and women achieve equality before the law. Each summary draws on Women, Business and the Law data from 1970 to 2020 and input from civil society organizations.

Women, Business and the Law Regional Profiles

The regional profile series presents data about laws, regulations, and reform trends that advance women’s economic empowerment. It also highlights persistent gaps and identifies best practices to help achieve equality before the law.

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Research & Publications

Understanding gender inequality and sharing knowledge of its effects.