Getting a Job

Getting a job assesses restrictions on women’s work such as prohibitions on working at night or in certain industries. This indicator also covers laws on work-related maternity, paternity, and parental benefits and on retirement ages. Some differentiations in labor law may increase job opportunities for women, while others may limit them. Parental leave policies are generally expected to generate a more equitable division of childrearing responsibilities, giving women the same opportunities for career advancement as men. But restrictions on working hours or participation in certain industries—ostensibly designed to protect women—may end up limiting their ability to get the jobs they want. Similarly, gender-differentiated retirement ages have the potential to affect career prospects, lifetime earnings, pension benefits and retirement savings. For the first time, the report presents data on equal-pay-for-equal-work legislation, designed to improve women’s income levels.

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Does the law mandate paid or unpaid maternity leave? Does the law mandate paid or unpaid paternity leave? Does the law mandate paid or unpaid parental leave? What is the mandatory minimum length of paid maternity leave (in calendar days)? What is the mandatory minimum length of paid paternity leave (in calendar days)? What is the mandatory minimum length of paid parental leave (in calendar days)?
Albania
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
Yes No No 365 N/A N/A
Algeria
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
Yes Yes No983N/A
Angola
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
Yes Yes No901N/A
Argentina
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
Yes Yes No902N/A
Armenia
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
Yes No Yes140N/A0
Australia
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
No No YesN/AN/A126
Austria
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
Yes No Yes112N/A232
Azerbaijan
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
Yes Yes Yes12601039
Bangladesh
South AsiaSA
Yes NoNo112N/AN/A
Belarus
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
Yes No Yes126N/A1039
Belgium
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes10510120
Benin
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo983N/A
Bolivia
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo843N/A
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesYesNo3657N/A
Botswana
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Brazil
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo1205N/A
Bulgaria
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesYesYes41015547.5
Burkina Faso
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo983N/A
Burundi
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo844N/A
Cambodia
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo90N/AN/A
Cameroon
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo983N/A
Canada
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesNoYes105N/A245
Chad
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo980N/A
Chile
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes126584
China
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesYesNo983N/A
Colombia
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo9810N/A
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo982N/A
Congo, Rep.
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo105N/AN/A
Costa Rica
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesNoNo120N/AN/A
Côte d'Ivoire
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo982N/A
Croatia
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoYes208N/A180
Czech Republic
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesNoYes196N/A1095
Denmark
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes12614224
Dominican Republic
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo842N/A
Ecuador
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo8412N/A
Egypt, Arab Rep.
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo90N/AN/A
El Salvador
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Estonia
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes14010455
Ethiopia
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo90N/AN/A
Fiji
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Finland
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes14724215
France
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes112110
Gabon
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo98N/AN/A
Georgia
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoNo126N/AN/A
Germany
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesNoYes98N/A360
Ghana
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Greece
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes11920
Guatemala
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo842N/A
Guinea
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo98N/AN/A
Haiti
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesNoNo42N/AN/A
Honduras
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Hong Kong SAR, China
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo70N/AN/A
Hungary
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesYesYes1685927
Iceland
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes909090
India
South AsiaSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Indonesia
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesYesNo902N/A
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo90N/AN/A
Ireland
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesNoYes182N/A0
Israel
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesNoYes98N/A0
Italy
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes1501300
Jamaica
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesNoNo56N/AN/A
Japan
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesNoYes98N/A209
Jordan
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo70N/AN/A
Kazakhstan
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoYes126N/A0
Kenya
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo9014N/A
Korea, Rep.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesNo900N/A
Kosovo
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesYesYes27023
Kuwait
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo70N/AN/A
Kyrgyz Republic
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesYesYes12600
Lao PDR
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo90N/AN/A
Latvia
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesYesYes11210547.5
Lebanon
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo49N/AN/A
Lesotho
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Liberia
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo90N/AN/A
Lithuania
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesYesYes12630239
Macedonia, FYR
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoNo270N/AN/A
Madagascar
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo98N/AN/A
Malawi
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo56N/AN/A
Malaysia
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo60N/AN/A
Mali
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo983N/A
Mauritania
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo98N/AN/A
Mauritius
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo845N/A
Mexico
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo845N/A
Moldova
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoYes126N/A1095
Mongolia
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo120N/AN/A
Montenegro
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoYes45N/A365
Morocco
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesYesNo983N/A
Mozambique
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo601N/A
Namibia
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Nepal
South AsiaSA
YesNoNo52N/AN/A
Netherlands
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesNo1122N/A
New Zealand
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes9800
Nicaragua
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Niger
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo981N/A
Nigeria
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Norway
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
NoNoYesN/AN/A343
Oman
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo42N/AN/A
Pakistan
South AsiaSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Panama
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesNoNo98N/AN/A
Papua New Guinea
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo0N/AN/A
Paraguay
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo632N/A
Peru
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo904N/A
Philippines
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesYesNo607N/A
Poland
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes182140
Portugal
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
NoNoYesN/AN/A120
Puerto Rico (U.S.)
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesNoYes56N/A0
Romania
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesYesYes12615302
Russian Federation
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoYes140N/A955
Rwanda
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo844N/A
Saudi Arabia
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesYesNo701N/A
Senegal
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo98N/AN/A
Serbia
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoYes135N/A230
Sierra Leone
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Singapore
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo112N/AN/A
Slovak Republic
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesNoYes238N/A1053
Slovenia
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes10515260
South Africa
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo1203N/A
Spain
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes112130
Sri Lanka
South AsiaSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Sudan
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo56N/AN/A
Sweden
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesYes010480
Switzerland
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesNoNo98N/AN/A
Syrian Arab Republic
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo120N/AN/A
Taiwan, China
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesYesYes563180
Tajikistan
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoYes140N/A477.5
Tanzania
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo843N/A
Thailand
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo45N/AN/A
Togo
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo982N/A
Tunisia
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesYesNo301N/A
Turkey
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoNo112N/AN/A
Uganda
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesYesNo604N/A
Ukraine
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoYes126N/A969
United Arab Emirates
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo45N/AN/A
United Kingdom
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
YesYesNo27314N/A
United States
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentOECD
NoNoYesN/AN/A0
Uruguay
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo843N/A
Uzbekistan
Eastern Europe & Central AsiaECA
YesNoYes126N/A674
Venezuela, RB
Latin America & CaribbeanLAC
YesYesNo18214N/A
Vietnam
East Asia & PacificEAP
YesNoNo180N/AN/A
West Bank and Gaza
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo70N/AN/A
Yemen, Rep.
Middle East & North AfricaMENA
YesNoNo70N/AN/A
Zambia
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo84N/AN/A
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan AfricaSSA
YesNoNo98N/AN/A