Japan
Japan
Population
127,561,489
Region
OECD
Income Group
High income
Female Population
65,473,758
% of Women in the Workforce
63%

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QuestionAnswerSource
Constitutional rights  
Is there a non-discrimination clause in the constitution? YesConstitution of Japan, Art. 14
If there is a non-discrimination clause in the constitution, does it explicitly mention gender? YesConstitution of Japan Art. 14
Does the constitution guarantee equality before the law? YesConstitution of Japan Art. 14
Is customary law recognized as a valid source of law under the constitution? NoCostitution of Japan
If customary law is a valid source of law, is it considered invalid if it violates constitutional provisions on non-discrimination or equality? N/A 
Is personal law recognized as a valid source of law under the constitution? NoConstitution of Japan
If personal law is a valid source of law, is it considered invalid if it violates constitutional provisions on non-discrimination or equality? N/A 
Quotas  
What are the legal quotas for women on corporate boards? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
What are the legal quotas for women in parliament? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
What are the legal quotas for women in local government? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
Rights of married and unmarried women  
Can an unmarried woman apply for a passport in the same way as a man? YesPassport Act (Law No. 267 of 1951) (original language), Arts. 3 and 5
Can a married woman apply for a passport in the same way as a man? YesPassport Act (Law No. 267 of 1951) (original language), Arts. 3 and 5
Can an unmarried woman apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
Can a married woman apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
Can an unmarried woman travel outside the country in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Japan, Art. 22
Can a married woman travel outside the country in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Japan, Art. 22
Can an unmarried woman travel outside her home in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman travel outside her home in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman get a job or pursue a trade or profession in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Japan, Art. 27
Can a married woman get a job or pursue a trade or profession in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Japan, Art. 27
Can an unmarried woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman register a business in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman register a business in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman choose where to live in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Japan, Art. 22
Can a married woman choose where to live in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Japan, Art. 22
Can an unmarried woman confer citizenship to her children in the same way as a man? YesNationality Act (Law No.147 of 1950), Art. 2
Can a married woman confer citizenship to her children in the same way as a man? YesNationality Act (Law No.147 of 1950), Art. 2
Can an unmarried woman be "head of household" or "head of family" in the same way as a man? YesBasic Resident Registration Law, Arts. 6 and 7
Can a married woman be "head of household" or "head of family" in the same way as a man? YesBasic Resident Registration Law, Art. 6 and Art. 7
Division of responsibility within marriage  
Can a married woman convey citizenship to her non-national spouse in the same way as a man? YesNationality Act (Law No.147 of 1950), Art. 7
Are married women required by law to obey their husbands? NoNo applicable provisions
Do married couples jointly share legal responsibility for financially maintaining the family's expenses? YesCivil Code, Art. 760