Ethiopia
Ethiopia
Population
91,728,849
Region
Sub-Saharan Africa
Income Group
Low income
Female Population
45,842,030
% of Women in the Workforce
81%

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QuestionAnswerSource
Constitutional rights  
Is there a non-discrimination clause in the constitution? YesConstitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Art. 25
If there is a non-discrimination clause in the constitution, does it explicitly mention gender? YesConstitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Art. 25
Does the constitution guarantee equality before the law? YesConstitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Art. 25
Is customary law recognized as a valid source of law under the constitution? YesConstitution of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia, Arts. 34 and 78
If customary law is a valid source of law, is it considered invalid if it violates constitutional provisions on non-discrimination or equality? YesConstitution of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia, Art. 9
Is personal law recognized as a valid source of law under the constitution? YesConstitution on the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Arts. 34 and 78
If personal law is a valid source of law, is it considered invalid if it violates constitutional provisions on non-discrimination or equality? Yes Constitution on the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Art. 9
Quotas  
What are the legal quotas for women on corporate boards? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
What are the legal quotas for women in parliament? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
What are the legal quotas for women in local government? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
Rights of married and unmarried women  
Can an unmarried woman apply for a passport in the same way as a man? YesPassport application forms
Can a married woman apply for a passport in the same way as a man? YesPassport application forms
Can an unmarried woman apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man? Yes Proclamation No 760/2012, Ch. 3
Can a married woman apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man? Yes Proclamation No 760/2012, Ch. 3
Can an unmarried woman travel outside the country in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman travel outside the country in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman travel outside her home in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman travel outside her home in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman get a job or pursue a trade or profession in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Ethiopia, Art. 41
Can a married woman get a job or pursue a trade or profession in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Ethiopia, Art. 41
Can an unmarried woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman register a business in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman register a business in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman choose where to live in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman choose where to live in the same way as a man? YesRevised Family Code, Art. 54
Can an unmarried woman confer citizenship to her children in the same way as a man? YesEthiopian Nationality Proclamation No. 378/2003, Art. 3(1)
Can a married woman confer citizenship to her children in the same way as a man? YesEthiopian Nationality Proclamation No. 378/2003, Art. 3(1)
Can an unmarried woman be "head of household" or "head of family" in the same way as a man? N/ANo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman be "head of household" or "head of family" in the same way as a man? N/ANo restrictions could be located
Division of responsibility within marriage  
Can a married woman convey citizenship to her non-national spouse in the same way as a man? YesEthiopian Nationality Proclamation No. 378/2003, Art. 6
Are married women required by law to obey their husbands? NoNo applicable provisions could be located
Do married couples jointly share legal responsibility for financially maintaining the family's expenses? YesThe Revised Family Code of Ethiopia, Arts. 49 and 50