Canada
Canada
Population
34,880,491
Region
OECD
Income Group
High income
Female Population
17,573,875
% of Women in the Workforce
74%

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QuestionAnswerSource
Constitutional rights  
Is there a non-discrimination clause in the constitution? YesConstitution of Canada, Art. 15(1)
If there is a non-discrimination clause in the constitution, does it explicitly mention gender? YesConstitution of Canada, Art. 15
Does the constitution guarantee equality before the law? YesConstitution of Canada, Arts. 15 and 28
Is customary law recognized as a valid source of law under the constitution? YesConstitution of Canada, Art. 35
Where constitutional rights appear to be in conflict, the courts have a duty to balance those rights in a way that fully respects the importance of both sets of rights (as exemplified by the recent case R. v. N.S.).If customary law is a valid source of law, is it considered invalid if it violates constitutional provisions on non-discrimination or equality?
YesConstitution of Canada, Art. 35(4)
Canada Constitution Amendment Proclamation, 1983
Is personal law recognized as a valid source of law under the constitution? NoConstitution of Canada
If personal law is a valid source of law, is it considered invalid if it violates constitutional provisions on non-discrimination or equality? N/A 
Quotas  
What are the legal quotas for women on corporate boards? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
What are the legal quotas for women in parliament? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
What are the legal quotas for women in local government? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
Rights of married and unmarried women  
Can an unmarried woman apply for a passport in the same way as a man? YesPassport application form
Can a married woman apply for a passport in the same way as a man? YesPassport application form
Can an unmarried woman apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman travel outside the country in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Canada, Art. 6(1)
Can a married woman travel outside the country in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Canada, Art. 6(1)
Can an unmarried woman travel outside her home in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Canada, Art. 6(2)
Can a married woman travel outside her home in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Canada, Art. 6(2)
Can an unmarried woman get a job or pursue a trade or profession in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman get a job or pursue a trade or profession in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman register a business in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman register a business in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman choose where to live in the same way as a man? YesConstitution of Canada, Art. 6(2)
Can a married woman choose where to live in the same way as a man? YesFamily Law Act, Art. 20(1)
Can an unmarried woman confer citizenship to her children in the same way as a man? YesCitizenship Act, Art. 3
Can a married woman confer citizenship to her children in the same way as a man? YesCitizenship Act, Art. 3
Can an unmarried woman be "head of household" or "head of family" in the same way as a man? N/ANo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman be "head of household" or "head of family" in the same way as a man? N/ANo restrictions could be located
Division of responsibility within marriage  
Can a married woman convey citizenship to her non-national spouse in the same way as a man? YesCitizenship Act, Art. 5;
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, ss. 12-14
Are married women required by law to obey their husbands? NoNo applicable provisions could be located
Do married couples jointly share legal responsibility for financially maintaining the family's expenses? YesFamily Law Act, Art. 5(7)