Briefs

Women's Rights in South Asia

An overview of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in South Asia. The profile identifies priority areas for legal reform and best practices from the region, based on Women, Business and the Law data.

Key Ingredients to Women’s Legal Rights in Kenya

Legislative reforms to increase gender equality before the law are often long and complex processes. This brief focuses on a series of reforms in Kenya, specifically, the adoption of the Sexual Offenses Act of 2006, the Employment Act of 2007, and the Protection Against Domestic Violence Act of 2015. Strong evidence, broad coalitions, and incorporating the highest standards based on international best practice in early legal drafts are singled out as the key elements that led to the successful adoption of these landmark laws promoting women’s rights in Kenya. The lessons in this brief can provide important insights for policy makers, advocacy groups and international organizations involved in the pursuit of legal gender equality in Kenya and other countries.

Reforms to Enhance Gender Equality in the Democratic Republic of Congo: From Advocacy to Implementation

This brief examines two successful gender equality reforms in the Democratic Republic of Congo : the introduction of the Law on Parity in 2015 and an amendment to the Family Code in 2016. These two examples highlight three success factors: gender champions across local civil society groups; government and international actors making the economic case for reforming discriminatory provisions; and international obligations that allowed the reforms to pass. These legal reforms have had demonstrably positive effects on the lives of Congolese women and society. Yet, challenges remain for the Democratic Republic of Congo to achieve full gender equality in law and practice.

Challenging Entrenched Marital Power in South Africa

This first in a series of Women, Business and the Law case studies examines more than three decades of reform toward removing the husband's marital power from South African legislation, offering important insights on optimal contexts for change and the role of women in ongoing advocacy efforts.

Bangladesh Economy Summary

A summary of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in Bangladesh. The summary identifies priority areas for legal reform based on Women, Business and the Law data and input from civil society organizations.

Ethiopia Economy Summary

A summary of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in Ethiopia. The summary identifies priority areas for legal reform based on Women, Business and the Law data and input from civil society organizations.

India Economy Summary

A summary of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in India. The summary identifies priority areas for legal reform based on Women, Business and the Law data and input from civil society organizations.

Kenya Economy Summary

A summary of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in Kenya. The summary identifies priority areas for legal reform based on Women, Business and the Law data and input from civil society organizations.

Nigeria Economy Summary

A summary of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in Nigeria. The summary identifies priority areas for legal reform based on Women, Business and the Law data and input from civil society organizations.

Rwanda Economy Summary

A summary of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in Rwanda. The summary identifies priority areas for legal reform based on Women, Business and the Law data and input from civil society organizations.

Sri Lanka Economy Summary

A summary of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in Sri Lanka. The summary identifies priority areas for legal reform based on Women, Business and the Law data and input from civil society organizations.

Women’s Rights in Western and Central Africa

An overview of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in Western and Central Africa. The profile identifies priority areas for legal reform and best practices from the region, based on Women, Business and the Law data.

Women’s Rights in Eastern and Southern Africa

An overview of laws and regulations that advance women’s economic empowerment in Eastern and Southern Africa. The profile identifies priority areas for legal reform and best practices from the region, based on Women, Business and the Law data.

The Rights of Women with Disabilities

This topic note showcases the results of a pilot research on the legal rights of women with disabilities in 176 economies as part of the 10 Commitments on Disability-Inclusive Development. The research was developed with the support of the World Bank's Environmental and Social Framework Implementation Support Unit (ESF ISU).

50 Years of Women's Rights

Today, women have just three-quarters of the legal rights of men. How have women’s legal rights evolved over the last 50 years? This infographic explores how more than 1,500 reforms enhancing women’s economic empowerment were passed in every country over the past 50 years.

Protecting Women from Violence - Bridging the Implementation Gap Between Law and Practice

This topic note is a Women, Business and the Law pilot exercise that examines the legally-mandated access and existence of certain key support services in a set of 100 economies by collecting data covering 13 questions on regulation aimed at closing gaps between laws on the books and implementation.

Women's Financial Inclusion and the Law

A case study examining how discriminatory laws can affect women's demand for financial services.

Saving for Old Age

Differences women face in their working lives relative to men can result in unequal economic outcomes in retirement. This case study examines the gender gap in access to pensions.

Closing the Gap: Improving Laws Protecting Women from Violence

Violence against women and girls can take many forms, from marrying off a girl before she is developmentally ready to direct physical or sexual abuse by a partner. Whatever the form of violence, all limit a woman’s opportunities and restrict her full participation in and contribution to society.

Mapping the Legal Gender Gap in Accessing Business Environment Institutions

In addition to the challenges that all entrepreneurs face in starting businesses, female entrepreneurs can face challenges in meeting the legal prerequisites before business registration.

Mapping the Legal Gender Gap in Using Property & Building Credit

When seeking a loan, women and men can encounter many obstacles when they do not possess the right types of assets to pledge as collateral. Two of the indicators examine some of the legal and regulatory prerequisites needed to access and leverage property as collateral and to build credit histories.

Mapping the Legal Gender Gap in Getting a Job

Women, Business and the Law’s getting a job indicator measures regulations affecting the formal private sector that differentiate between women and men that might affect women’s ability to get jobs. Some of these differentiations might help women work. Others might prevent it.