Egypt, Arab Rep.
Egypt, Arab Rep.
Population
80,721,874
Region
Middle East & North Africa
Income Group
Lower middle income
Female Population
40,187,819
% of Women in the Workforce
26%

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QuestionAnswerSource
Constitutional rights  
Is there a non-discrimination clause in the constitution? YesConstitution of Egypt, Arts 9 and 33
Only the preamble to the Constitution prohibits discrimination based on sex. If there is a non-discrimination clause in the constitution, does it explicitly mention gender?
NoConstitution of Egypt
Does the constitution guarantee equality before the law? YesConstitution of Egypt, Art 33
Is customary law recognized as a valid source of law under the constitution? NoConstitution of Egypt
If customary law is a valid source of law, is it considered invalid if it violates constitutional provisions on non-discrimination or equality? N/A 
Is personal law recognized as a valid source of law under the constitution? YesConstitution of Egypt, Arts. 2 and 3
If personal law is a valid source of law, is it considered invalid if it violates constitutional provisions on non-discrimination or equality? NoConstitution of Egypt
Quotas  
What are the legal quotas for women on corporate boards? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
What are the legal quotas for women in parliament? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
What are the legal quotas for women in local government? N/ANo applicable provisions could be located
Rights of married and unmarried women  
Can an unmarried woman apply for a passport in the same way as a man? YesPassport Application Form
Can a married woman apply for a passport in the same way as a man? NoPassport application form
Certain government websites have indicated that females who do not already have a government ID can have a close male relative testify to the accuracy of their statements. This may not be uniformaly enforced.Can an unmarried woman apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man?
NoApplication form
Certain government websites have indicated that females who do not already have a government ID can have a close male relative testify to the accuracy of their statements. This may not be uniformaly enforced. The cards of married women include the names of their husbands, while men's cards simply indicate their marital status. Can a married woman apply for a national ID card in the same way as a man?
NoApplication form
Can an unmarried woman travel outside the country in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman travel outside the country in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman travel outside her home in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman travel outside her home in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman get a job or pursue a trade or profession in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman get a job or pursue a trade or profession in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman register a business in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman register a business in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman choose where to live in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman choose where to live in the same way as a man? YesNo restrictions could be located
Can an unmarried woman confer citizenship to her children in the same way as a man? YesNationality Law (No. 26/1975, As amended by Law No. 154/2004), Art. 2
Can a married woman confer citizenship to her children in the same way as a man? YesNationality Law (No. 26/1975, As amended by Law No. 154/2004), Art. 2
Can an unmarried woman be "head of household" or "head of family" in the same way as a man? N/ANo restrictions could be located
Can a married woman be "head of household" or "head of family" in the same way as a man? N/ANo restrictions could be located
Division of responsibility within marriage  
Can a married woman convey citizenship to her non-national spouse in the same way as a man? NoNationality Law (No. 26/1975, As amended by Law No. 154/2004) Art 7
Are married women required by law to obey their husbands? YesLaw No. 25 of 1929 as amended in 1980, Art. 11
Do married couples jointly share legal responsibility for financially maintaining the family's expenses? NoPersonal Status law of 1920 as amended by law No. 100 in 1985, Art. 1