• Historical Data: 50 Years of Women's Legal Rights

    The historical data documents the evolution of gender parity in property rights and legal capacity in 100 economies from 1960 to 2010. It provides 14 indicators covering property ownership, marital regimes, inheritance, property titling, legal status and capacity, constitutional rights of equality and non-discrimination and the treatment of legal pluralism. Where relevant, the legal rights of unmarried and married women are reported separately. The objective is to track legal reforms affecting women’s rights in these areas, starting with the current law and recording changes backwards in time to 1960. This database will provide a useful tool for the analysis of legal change over time, and its impact on women’s opportunities and socio-economic advancement. Read the methodology.


    See how laws affecting gender parity have evolved across time and space

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  • Map legends: Blue = No; Orange = Yes.
    Disclaimer: The boundaries, colors, and other information shown on map in the tool do not imply any judgment or endorsement on the part of the World Bank concerning the delimitation or the legal status of any territory or boundaries.
    Source: Hallward-Driemeier, Mary, Tazeen Hasan and Sarah Iqbal. 2013. Historical Database of Women's Legal Capacity and Property Rights. The World Bank.

Historic Data

Download 50 year historical dataset (Excel, 2.1MB) or select an economy:
(Downloads Excel files)